Official English Name: Republic of Turkey
Official Local Name(s): Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
Common English Name: Turkey
Capital: Ankara

Learn everything you need to know about Turkey in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Turkish
Secondary Languages: Kurdish

Resources

Coal, Iron ore, Copper, Chromium, Antimony, Mercury, Gold, Barite

Neighbors

Armenia (East), Azerbaijan (East), Bulgaria (Northwest), Georgia (Northeastern), Greece (West), Iran (East), Iraq (East), Syria (East)

Ethnic groups

Turkish (69.4%), Kurdish (18.1%), Arab (3.1%), Zaza (1.8%), Kabardian (1.4%)

People

Est. Population:

80,274,604

Demonym:

Turk

Religions:

Muslim (96.5%)
Atheist (3.1%)
Christian (0.4%)

Largest City:

Istanbul (14,657,434)

Other Cities:

Ankara (5,270,575)
Izmir (4,168,415)
Bursa (2,842,547)
Antalya (2,288,456)
Adana (2,183,167)

Geography

Region:

Southeastern Europe
Southwestern Asia

Bodies of Water:

Black Sea (North)
Mediterranean Sea (South)

Total Area:

783,562 km2 (98.2% land, 1.8% water)

Total Land:

2,656 km

Total Coastline:

7,200 km

Climate

Temperate

Terrain:

High central plateaus

Highest Point

Mount Ararat (5,166 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Earthquakes

Government

Type:

Republican parliamentary democracy

Heads of State:

President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım

Admin. Divisions

81 Provinces

Independence:

29 October 1923 (collapse of Ottoman Empire)

Nat'l Symbol:

Star and crescent

Nat'l Anthem:

Istiklal Marsi

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$19,700 (USD)

Currency

TL (Turkish Lira)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = TL (Turkish Lira)6.27

Communication

Internet Code

.tr

Telephone Code

+90

Episodes Mentioned In

Episode 98 - Turkey (Pt. 2)
Posted on Tuesday November 20, 2018

Episode 60 - Turkey
Posted on Tuesday January 23, 2018

Cultural Notes

Since Ottoman times, oiled wrestling has been the national sport of Turkey.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tu.html (Majority of information)
https://joshuaproject.net/countries/TU (Ethnic and religious data)
http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/PreTablo.do?alt_id=1059 (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 25 December 2016