Official English Name: Kingdom of Tonga
Official Local Name(s): Pule’anga Tonga
Common English Name: Tonga
Capital: Nuku’alofa

Learn everything you need to know about Tonga in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Tongan
Secondary Languages: English

Resources

Fish, Fertile soil

Neighbors

None (Island)

Ethnic groups

Tongan (94.4%), Niuatoputapu (1.6%), Euronesian (0.7%), Niuafoou (0.7%)

People

Est. Population:

106,513

Demonym:

Tongan

Religions:

Protestant (43.2%)
Mormon (24.4%)
Roman Catholic (14.7%)
Other Christian (11.8%)
Indigenous (3.6%)

Largest City:

Nuku'alofa (25,000)

Geography

Region:

Oceania

Bodies of Water:

Pacific Ocean (Surrounded)

Total Area:

747 km2 (96% land, 4% water)

Total Land:

None (Island)

Total Coastline:

419 km

Climate

Tropical

Terrain:

Limestone base formed from uplifted coral structures

Highest Point

Unnamed elevation on Kao Island (1,033 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Cyclones
Earthquakes
Volcanic activity

Government

Type:

Constitutional monarchy

Heads of State:

King Tupou VI

Head of Government:

Prime Minister ʻAkilisi Pohiva

Admin. Divisions

5 Island divisions

Independence:

4 June 1970 (from the United Kingdom)

Nat'l Symbol:

Red cross on a white field

Nat'l Anthem:

Ko e fasi ‘o e tu”I ‘o e

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$5,100 (USD)

Currency

$ (Pa'anga)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = $ (Pa'anga)2.28

Communication

Internet Code

.to

Telephone Code

+676

Episodes Mentioned In

No episodes yet!

Cultural Notes

As in most Polynesian societies, the social structure in Tonga is highly stratified.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tn.html (Majority of information)
https://joshuaproject.net/countries/TN (Ethnic and religious data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 23 December 2016