Common English Name: Taiwan
Capital: Taipei

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Official Language(s)

Mandarin Chinese
Secondary Languages: Taiwanese

Resources

Coal, Natural gas, Limestone, Marble, Asbestos

Neighbors

None (Island)

Ethnic groups

Taiwanese (57.5%), Mandarin Chinese (19.3%), Hakka Chinese (18.1%), Indonesian (1.1%), Amis (0.9%)

People

Est. Population:

23,464,787

Demonym:

Taiwanese

Religions:

Taoist (61.2%)
Buddhist (27.3%)
Christian (6.0%)
Atheist (2.9%)
Muslim (1.2%)

Largest City:

New Taipei (3,971,250)

Other Cities:

Kaohsiung (2,778,729)
Taichung (2,746,112)
Taipei (2,704,974)
Taoyuan (2,108,786)
Tainan (1,885,550)

Geography

Region:

Eastern Asia

Bodies of Water:

East China Sea (North)
Philippine Sea (East)
South China Sea (Southwest)

Total Area:

35,980 km2 (89.7% land, 10.3% water)

Total Land:

None (Island)

Total Coastline:

1,566.3 km

Climate

Tropical

Terrain:

Rugged mountains in the east
Flat and rolling plains in the west

Highest Point

Yu Shan (3,952 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Earthquakes
Typhoons

Government

Type:

Multiparty democracy

Heads of State:

President Tsai Ing-wen

Head of Government:

Premier Su Tseng-chang

Admin. Divisions

14 Counties
3 Municipalities
5 Special municipalities

Independence:

10 October 1911 (from China)

Nat'l Symbol:

White, 12-rayed sun on blue field

Nat'l Anthem:

Zhonghua Minguo gouge

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$46,800 (USD)

Currency

$ (Taiwanese Dollar)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = $ (Taiwanese Dollar)30.60

Communication

Internet Code

.tw

Telephone Code

+886

Episodes Mentioned In

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Cultural Notes

Although most of Taiwan’s culture is heavily influenced by China, its cuisine is heavily influenced by Japan.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tw.html (Majority of information)
https://joshuaproject.net/countries/TW (Ethnic and religious data)
http://w2.dbas.taipei.gov.tw/NEWS_WEEKLY/express/E01.pdf#a (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 21 December 2016