Official English Name: Swiss Confederation
Official Local Name(s): Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (German)
Confédération suisse (French)
Confederazione Svizzera (Italian)
Confederaziun svizra (Romansh)
Common English Name: Switzerland
Capital: Note: Switzerland has no official designated capital city. However, Bern is the de facto federal city or administrative seat.<

Learn everything you need to know about Switzerland in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

German, French, Italian, Romansh
Secondary Languages: English, Portuguese, Albanian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish

Resources

Hydropower, Timber, Salt

Neighbors

France (Northwest), Germany (Northeast), Austria (East), Liechtenstein (East), Italy (South)

Ethnic groups

German (57.1%), French (20.8%), Italian (7.9%), Portuguese (3.0%), Albanian (1.3%)

People

Est. Population:

8,179,294

Demonym:

Swiss

Religions:

Roman Catholic (38.3%)
Protestant (28.6%)
Atheist (16.7%)
Other Christian (6.2%)
Muslim (3.9%)

Largest City:

Zurich (396,955)

Other Cities:

Geneva (198,072)
Basel (169,916)
Lausanne (135,629)
Bern (131,554)
Winterthur (108,268)

Geography

Region:

Central Europe

Bodies of Water:

None (Landlocked)

Total Area:

41,277 km2 (96.9% land, 3.1% water)

Total Land:

1,852 km

Total Coastline:

0 km (Landlocked)

Climate

Temperate

Terrain:

Mostly mountains
Central plateau
Rolling hills
Plains
Lakes

Highest Point

Dufourspitze (4,634 m)

Lowest Point

Lake Maggiore (195 m)

Natural Disasters

Avalanches
Landslides
Flash Flooding

Government

Type:

Hybrid between confederation and federal republic

Head of State and Government:

President Ueli Maurer

Admin. Divisions

26 Cantons

Independence:

1 August 1291 (founding of confederation)

Nat'l Symbol:

Swiss cross

Nat'l Anthem:

Swiss Psalm

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$58,600 (USD)

Currency

CHF (Swiss Franc)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = CHF (Swiss Franc)0.98

Communication

Internet Code

.ch

Telephone Code

+41

Episodes Mentioned In

Episode 119 - Switzerland
Posted on Tuesday May 21, 2019

Cultural Notes

Because of the mountainous nature of Swiss terrain, mountain culture is prominent in the country.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sz.html (Majority of information)
https://joshuaproject.net/countries/SZ (Ethnic and religious data)
https://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/en/home.html (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 3 December 2016