Official English Name: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Official Local Name(s): ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය (Sinhala)
இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சோசலிச குடியரசு (Tamil)
Common English Name: Sri Lanka
Capital: Colombo

Learn everything you need to know about Sri Lanka in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Sinhala, Tamil
Secondary Languages: English

Resources

Limestone, Graphite, Mineral sands, Gems, Phosphates, Clay, Hydropower

Neighbors

None (Island)

Ethnic groups

Sinhalese (74.9%), Sri Lankan Tamil (11.2%), Sri Lankan Moors (9.2%), Indian Tamil (4.2%)

People

Est. Population:

22,235,000

Demonym:

Sri Lankan

Religions:

Buddhist (70.2%)
Hindu (12.6%)
Muslim (9.7%)
Christian (7.4%)

Largest City:

Colombo (561,314)

Other Cities:

Kaduwela (252,041)
Maharagama (196,423)
Kesbewa (185,122)
Dehiwala-Mount Levinia (184,468)
Chavakachcheri (168,280)

Geography

Region:

Southern Asia

Bodies of Water:

Indian Ocean (Surrounded)

Total Area:

65,610 km2 (98.5% land,1.5% water)

Total Land:

0 km (Island)

Total Coastline:

1,340 km

Climate

Tropical monsoon

Terrain:

Low to flat rolling plains
Mountains in the south-central interior

Highest Point

Pidurutalagala (2,524 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Cyclones
Tornadoes

Government

Type:

Republic

Head of State and Government:

President Maithripala Sirisena

Admin. Divisions

9 Provinces

Independence:

4 February 1948 (from the United Kingdom)

Nat'l Symbol:

Lion

Nat'l Anthem:

Sri Lanka Matha

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$10,600 (USD)

Currency

රු (Sri Lankan Rupee)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = රු (Sri Lankan Rupee)161.26

Communication

Internet Code

.lk

Telephone Code

+94

Episodes Mentioned In

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Cultural Notes

Tea culture is important in Sri Lanka as it is one of the largest producers of tea leaves.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ce.html (Majority of information)
http://bit.ly/2h3CPpv (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 2 December 2016