Official English Name: Federal Republic of Somalia
Official Local Name(s): Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya (Somali)
جمهورية الصومال الفيدرالية (Arabic)
Common English Name: Somalia
Capital: Mogadishu

Learn everything you need to know about Somalia in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Somali, Arabic
Secondary Languages: English, Italian

Resources

Uranium, Iron ore, Tin, Gypsum, Bauxite, Copper, Salt, Natural gas, Oil reserves

Neighbors

Djibouti (Northwest), Ethiopia (West), Kenya (Southwest)

Ethnic groups

Somali (73.4%), Rahanweyn (18.7%), Bantu (4.1%), Garre (0.7%), Arab (0.7%)

People

Est. Population:

10,817,354

Demonym:

Somali

Religions:

Muslim (99.5%)
Christian (0.3%)
Hindu (0.1%)
Indigenous (0.1%)

Largest City:

Mogadishu (2,587,183)

Other Cities:

Hargeysa (477,876)
Berbera (242,344)
Kismayo (234,852)
Marka (230,100)
Jamame (185,270)

Geography

Region:

Eastern Africa

Bodies of Water:

Indian Ocean (East)

Total Area:

637,657 km2 (98.4% land, 1.6% water)

Total Land:

2,340 km

Total Coastline:

3,025 km

Climate

Mostly desert
Moderate temperatures in the north

Terrain:

Flat plateau
Hills in the north

Highest Point

Shimbiris (2,416 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Droughts
Flooding
Dust storms

Government

Type:

Transitional Federal Parliamentary Republic

Heads of State:

President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khayre

Admin. Divisions

18 Regions

Independence:

1 July 1960 (from the United Kingdom and Italy)

Nat'l Symbol:

Leopard

Nat'l Anthem:

Qolobaa Calankeed

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$550 (USD)

Currency

S (Somali Shilling)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = S (Somali Shilling)577.50

Communication

Internet Code

.so

Telephone Code

+252

Episodes Mentioned In

No episodes yet!

Cultural Notes

Clans play a central role in Somali society and are influential even in politics.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/so.html (Majority of information)
https://joshuaproject.net/countries/SO (Ethnic and religious data)
http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/somalia-population/cities/ (City population data)
http://data.worldbank.org/country/somalia (GDP per capita data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 30 November 2016