Official Local Name(s): Republic of Sierra Leone
Common English Name: Sierra Leone
Capital: Freetown

Learn everything you need to know about Sierra Leone in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

English
Secondary Languages: Mende, Temne, Krio

Resources

Diamonds, Titanium ore, Bauxite, Iron ore, Gold, Chromite

Neighbors

Guinea (North), Liberia (Southeast)

Ethnic groups

Mende (30.5%), Temne (23.4%), Krio (10.4%), Limba (6.6%), Kuranko (5.3%)

People

Est. Population:

6,018,888

Demonym:

Sierra Leonean

Religions:

Muslim (61.0%)
Indigenous (24.4%)
Christian (13.1%)
Atheist (1.0%)
Hindu (0.1%)

Largest City:

Freetown (1,050,301)

Other Cities:

Kenema (200,534)
Bo (173,905)
Koidu (128,074)
Makeni (126,059)
Kaffu Bullom (119,902)

Geography

Region:

Western Africa

Bodies of Water:

Atlantic Ocean (Southwest)

Total Area:

71,740 km2 (99.8% land, 0.2% water)

Total Land:

958 km

Total Coastline:

402 km

Climate

Tropical

Terrain:

Coastal belt of mangrove swamps
Wooded hill country
Upland plateau
Eastern mountains

Highest Point

Loma Mansa (1,948 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Sandstorms
Harmattan winds
Dust storms

Government

Type:

Constitutional democracy

Head of State and Government:

President Julius Maada Bio

Admin. Divisions

3 Provinces
1 Area

Independence:

27 April 1961 (from the United Kingdom)

Nat'l Symbol:

Lion

Nat'l Anthem:

High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$1,600 (USD)

Currency

Le (Leone)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = Le (Leone)8,700.00

Communication

Internet Code

.sl

Telephone Code

+232

Episodes Mentioned In

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Cultural Notes

Rice is consumed as a part of every meal.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sl.html (Majority of information)
https://joshuaproject.net/countries/SL (Ethnic and religious data)
https://www.statistics.sl/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/2015-Census-Provisional-Result.pdf (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 29 November 2016