Official English Name: Republic of Senegal
Official Local Name(s): République du Senegal
Common English Name: Senegal
Capital: Dakar

Learn everything you need to know about Senegal in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

French
Secondary Languages: Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka

Resources

Fish, Phosphates, Iron ore

Neighbors

The Gambia (South), Guinea (South), Guinea-Bissau (South), Mali (East), Mauritania (North)

Ethnic groups

Wolof (38.7%), Pular (26.5%), Serer (15%), Mandinka (4.2%), Jola (4%)

People

Est. Population:

14,320,055

Demonym:

Senegalese

Religions:

Muslim (95.4%)
Christian (4.2%)
Animist (0.4%)

Largest City:

Dakar (2,646,543)

Other Cities:

Touba (753,315)
Thiès (317,763)
Kaolack (233,708)
Mbour (232,777)
Rufisque (221,066)

Geography

Region:

Western Africa

Bodies of Water:

Atlantic Ocean (West)

Total Area:

196,722 km2 (98% land, 2% water)

Total Land:

2,684 km

Total Coastline:

531 km

Climate

Tropical

Terrain:

Low rolling plains

Highest Point

Unnamed elevation (581 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Seasonal Flooding
Periodic droughts

Government

Type:

Republic

Heads of State:

President Macky Sall

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Mohammed Dionne

Admin. Divisions

14 Regions

Independence:

4 April 1960 (from France)

Nat'l Symbol:

Lion

Nat'l Anthem:

Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$2,500 (USD)

Currency

CFA (West African CFA Franc)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = CFA (West African CFA Franc)560.82

Communication

Internet Code

.sn

Telephone Code

+221

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Cultural Notes

Hospitality (teranga) is a major tenet of Senegalese culture. As a result of this, being invited to somebody’s home is rare, unless you suggest it in some sort of way, such as “let’s have dinner together sometime”.
In the capital Dakar, everything moves quickly. Don’t pause for too long otherwise you will be approached by street vendors or shop owners who want to take you to their shops. Pedestrians also do not have the right of way.
To avoid being approached constantly, learn to say (in French or in Wolof) that you live and work in Dakar.
Women should avoid travelling alone, as men will constantly come up to you and ask if you’re married. If this does happen, per chance, just tell them that you already have a husband.
Beggars are not uncommon, however, despite there being many in need, there are also lots of scams. Give money to children, and not adults, unless you see that they are really in a bad situation.
Both Christian and Muslim holidays are observed.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sg.html (Majority of information)
http://www.ansd.sn/index.php?option=com_ansd&view=theme&id=9 (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 29 November 2016