Official English Name: Romania
Official Local Name(s): Bucharest
Common English Name: Central Europe
Capital: Ukraine (North and Northeast)
Moldova (Northeast)
Bulgaria (South)
Serbia (Southwest)
Hungary (Northwest)

Learn everything you need to know about Romania in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Romanian
Secondary Languages: Hungarian, Romany

Resources

Petroleum, Timber, Natural gas, Coal, Iron ore, Salt, Arable land, Hydropower

Neighbors

Ukraine (North and Northeast), Moldova (Northeast), Bulgaria (South), Serbia (Southwest), Hungary (Northwest)

Ethnic groups

Romanian (83.4%), Hungarian (6.1%), Roma (3.1%), Ukrainian (0.3%), German (0.2%)

People

Est. Population:

21,599,736

Demonym:

Romanian

Religions:

Eastern Orthodox (81.9%)
Protestant (6.4%)
Roman Catholic (4.3%)
Muslim (0.7%)
Atheist (0.2%)

Largest City:

Bucharest (1,883,425)

Other Cities:

Cluj-Napoca (324,576)
Timișoara (319,279)
Iași (290,422)
Constanța (283,872)
Craiova (269,506)

Geography

Region:

Black Sea (East)

Bodies of Water:

Black Sea (East)

Total Area:

238,391 km2 (96.4% land, 3.6% water)

Total Land:

2,508 km

Total Coastline:

225 km

Climate

Temperate

Terrain:

Central basin
Eastern mountains
Plateau
Mountains in the south
Plains

Highest Point

Moldoveanu (2,544 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Earthquakes
Landslides

Government

Type:

Republic

Heads of State:

President Klaus Iohannis

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Viorica Dăncilă

Admin. Divisions

41 Counties
1 Municipality

Independence:

30 December 1947 (Proclamation of republic)

Nat'l Symbol:

Golden eagle

Nat'l Anthem:

Desteapta-te romane!

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$20,800 (USD)

Currency

lei (Romanian Leu)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = lei (Romanian Leu)0

Communication

Internet Code

.ro

Telephone Code

+40

Episodes Mentioned In

Episode 55 - Romania
Posted on Tuesday December 05, 2017

Cultural Notes

Romanian culture is deeply rooted in its folk traditions as a result of the rural character of Romanian communities.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ro.html (Majority of information)
http://www.recensamantromania.ro/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/rpl_2011_populatia-pe-categorii-de-localitati.xls (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 26 November 2016