Official English Name: State of Qatar
Official Local Name(s): دولة قطر
Common English Name: Qatar
Capital: Doha

Learn everything you need to know about Qatar in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Arabic
Secondary Languages: English

Resources

Petroleum, Natural gas, Fish

Neighbors

Saudi Arabia (South)

Ethnic groups

Arab (56.1%), Persian (9.6%), African (9.1%), Pakistani (8.0%), Filipino (4.3%)

People

Est. Population:

2,611,522

Demonym:

Qatari

Religions:

Muslim (87.5%)
Christian (6.3%)
Hindu (2.9%)
Buddhist (1.9%)
Atheist (0.8%)

Largest City:

Doha (951,765)

Other Cities:

ar-Rayyan (589,531)
al-Wukayr (165,214)
ash-Shahaniya (138,509)
adh-Dhakira (100,118)

Geography

Region:

Middle East

Bodies of Water:

Persian Gulf (North, East, and South)

Total Area:

11,586 km2 (100% land, 0% water)

Total Land:

60 km

Total Coastline:

563 km

Climate

Arid

Terrain:

Flat desert

Highest Point

Tuwayyir al Hamir (103 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Haze
Dust storms
Sandstorms

Government

Type:

Emirate

Heads of State:

Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani

Admin. Divisions

7 Municipalities

Independence:

3 September 1971 (from the United Kingdom)

Nat'l Anthem:

Al-Salam Al-Amiri

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$137,200 (USD)

Currency

ر.ق (Qatari Riyal)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = ر.ق (Qatari Riyal)3.64

Communication

Internet Code

.qa

Telephone Code

+974

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Cultural Notes

Qatar is the world’s biggest buyer in the art market by value.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/qa.html (Majority of information)
https://www.ine.pt/ (Ethnic, religious, and city population data)
http://bit.ly/2fDwL50 (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 26 November 2016