Official English Name: Republic of Poland
Official Local Name(s): Rzeczpospolita Polska
Common English Name: Poland
Capital: Warsaw

Learn everything you need to know about Poland in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Polish
Secondary Languages: Silesian

Resources

Coal, Sulfur, Copper, Natural gas, Silver, Lead, Salt, Amber, Arable land

Neighbors

Russia (North), Lithuania (Northeast), Belarus (East), Ukraine (East), Slovakia (South), Czech Republic (Southwest), Germany (West)

Ethnic groups

Polish (96.9%), Silesian (1.1%), German (0.2%), Ukrainian (0.1%)

People

Est. Population:

38,523,261

Demonym:

Pole

Religions:

Catholic (87.2%)
Orthodox (1.3%)
Protestant (0.4%)

Largest City:

Warsaw (1,739,586)

Other Cities:

Kraków (762,508)
Łódź (703,186)
Wrocław (634,404)
Poznań (544,612)
Gdańsk (461,798)

Geography

Region:

Central Europe

Bodies of Water:

Baltic Sea (Northwest)

Total Area:

312,685 km2 (97.3% land, 2.7% water)

Total Land:

3,071 km

Total Coastline:

440 km

Climate

Temperate

Terrain:

Flat plains
Southern mountains

Highest Point

Rysy (2,499 m)

Lowest Point

Near Raczki Elbląskie (-2 m)

Natural Disasters

Flooding

Government

Type:

Republic

Heads of State:

President Andrzej Duda

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki

Admin. Divisions

16 Provinces

Independence:

11 November 1918 (Proclamation of Republic)

Nat'l Symbol:

White eagle

Nat'l Anthem:

Mazurek Dabrowskiego

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$26,500 (USD)

Currency

zł (Złoty)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = zł (Złoty)3.65

Communication

Internet Code

.pl

Telephone Code

+48

Episodes Mentioned In

Episode 11 - Poland
Posted on Thursday July 21, 2016

Cultural Notes

When drinking, especially with vodka, never raise your glass from the table alone and drink. It must be done with at least one other person.
When shaking hands, give a firm handshake with your right hand and do not put your left hand in your pocket or anywhere out of sight.
To address an elder stranger, never use second person pronouns (i.e. “you”). You must address them as “sir” or “madam”.
Pierogies are Polish dumplings that usually contain meat, cheese, and potatoes within.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pl.html (Majority of information)
http://bit.ly/2flpVTs (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 26 November 2016