Official English Name: Republic of Peru
Official Local Name(s): República del Peru
Common English Name: Peru
Capital: Lima

Learn everything you need to know about Peru in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
Secondary Languages:

Resources

Copper, Silver, Gold, Petroleum, Timber, Fish, Iron ore, Coal, Phosphate, Potash, Hydropower, Natural gas

Neighbors

Ecuador (North), Colombia (Northeast), Brazil (East), Bolivia (Southeast)

Ethnic groups

Peruvian (74.1%)1, Quechua (20.2%), Aymara (2.3%), Black (0.5%), Japanese (0.5%)

People

Est. Population:

30,741,062

Demonym:

Peruvian

Religions:

Roman Catholic (82.3%)
Protestant (7.0%)
Other Christian (5.2%)
Atheist (2.5%)
Indigenous (2.2%)

Largest City:

Lima (9,886,600)

Other Cities:

Arequipa (869,400)
Trujillo (799,600)
Chiclayo (600,400)
Iquitos (437,400)
Piura (436,400)

Geography

Region:

Western South America

Bodies of Water:

Pacific Ocean (West)

Total Area:

1,285,216 km2 (99.6% land, 0.4% water)

Total Land:

7,461 km

Total Coastline:

2,414 km

Climate

Tropical in east
Dry desert in west
Temperate and frigid in the mountains

Terrain:

Western coastal plain
Mountains in the center
Eastern jungles

Highest Point

Nevado Huascarán (6,768 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Earthquakes
Flooding
Tsunamis
Landslides
Volcanic activity

Government

Type:

Constitutional republic

Head of State and Government:

President Martín Vizcarra

Admin. Divisions

25 Regions
1 Province

Independence:

28 July 1821 (from Spain)

Nat'l Symbol:

Vicuna

Nat'l Anthem:

Himno Nacional del Peru

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$12,200 (USD)

Currency

S/. (Sol)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = S/. (Sol)3.29

Communication

Internet Code

.pe

Telephone Code

+51

Episodes Mentioned In

Episode 89 - Peru
Posted on Tuesday August 28, 2018

Cultural Notes

Ceviche, a seafood dish made from fresh raw fish bathed in citrus juices, is Peru’s national dish.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pe.html (Majority of information)
https://joshuaproject.net/countries/PE (Ethnic and religious data)
http://www.inei.gob.pe/estadisticas/indice-tematico/poblacion-y-vivienda/ (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 26 November 2016
1Peruvian entails native Amerindians, Europeans, and Mestizos (a mixture of native and European).