Official English Name: Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Official Local Name(s): Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini
Common English Name: Papua New Guinea
Capital: Port Moresby

Learn everything you need to know about Papua New Guinea in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Tok Pisin, Hiri Motu, English
Secondary Languages:

Resources

Gold, Copper, Silver, Natural gas, Timber, Oil, Fisheries

Neighbors

Indonesia (West)

Ethnic groups

Papuan (15.4%)2, Enga (3.6%), Medlpa (3.3%), Huli (2.2%), Kuman (2.0%)

People

Est. Population:

7,788,991

Demonym:

Papua New Guinean

Religions:

Protestant (53.1%)
Roman Catholic (25.4%)
Other Christian (13.8%)
Indigenous (3.5%)
Anglican (3.1%)

Largest City:

Port Moresby (410,954)

Geography

Region:

Oceania

Bodies of Water:

Pacific Ocean (North and East)
Coral Sea (South)

Total Area:

462,840 km2 (97.9% land, 2.1% water)

Total Land:

820 km

Total Coastline:

5,152 km

Climate

Tropical

Terrain:

Mountains
Coastal lowlands
Rolling foothills

Highest Point

Mount Wilhelm (4,509 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Earthquakes
Tsunamis
Mudslides
Volcanic activity

Government

Type:

Constitutional parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm

Heads of State:

Queen Elizabeth II (United Kingdom)

Head of Government:

Prime Minister James Marape

Admin. Divisions

20 Provinces
1 Autonomous region
1 District

Independence:

16 September 1975 (from Australia)

Nat'l Symbol:

Bird of Paradise

Nat'l Anthem:

O Arise All You Sons

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$2,700 (USD)

Currency

K (Kina)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = K (Kina)3.25

Communication

Internet Code

.pg

Telephone Code

+675

Episodes Mentioned In

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Cultural Notes

Approximately 836 indigenous languages exist in Papua New Guinea, representing about 12% of the world’s total.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pp.html (Majority of information)
https://joshuaproject.net/countries/PP (Ethnic and religious data)
http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/papua-new-guinea-population/ (National population data)
https://www.nso.gov.pg/index.php/population-and-social/other-indicators (Port Moresby population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 26 November 2016
1The low percentages for ethnic groups in Papua New Guinea is due to the high variance of ethnicities found within its borders. However, the majority of its population has Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, and Polynesian roots.
2Papuan consists of detribalized and neo-Melanesian.