Official English Name: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Official Local Name(s): اسلامی جمہوریہ پاكستان
Common English Name: Pakistan
Capital: Islamabad

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Official Language(s)

Urdu, English
Secondary Languages: Punjabi, Sindhi, Sariaki, Pashto, Balochi

Resources

Land, Natural gas, Petroleum, Coal, Iron ore, Copper, Salt, Limestone

Neighbors

India (East), China (Northeast), Afghanistan (West), Iran (Southwest)

Ethnic groups

Punjabi (44.68%), Pashtun (15.42%), Sindhi (14.10%), Sariaki (8.38%), Muhajirs (7.57%)

People

Est. Population:

207,774,000

Demonym:

Pakistani

Religions:

Muslim (96.50%)
Hindu (1.60%)
Christian (1.59%)
Tribal (0.25%)

Largest City:

Karachi (11,624,219)

Other Cities:

Lahore (6,310,888)
Faisalabad (2,506,595)
Rawalpindi (1,743,101)
Multan (1,437,230)
Hyderabad (1,386,330)

Geography

Region:

Southern Asia

Bodies of Water:

Arabian Sea (South)

Total Area:

796,095 km2 (96.8% land, 3.2% water)

Total Land:

6,774 km

Total Coastline:

1,046 km

Climate

Mostly hot dry desert
Temperate conditions in the northwest
Arctic in the north

Terrain:

Flat plains in the east
Plateau in the west
Mountains toward the north and northwest

Highest Point

K2 (8,611 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Earthquakes
Flooding

Government

Type:

Federal republic

Heads of State:

President Arif Alvi

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Imran Khan

Admin. Divisions

4 Provinces
1 Territory
1 Capital territory

Independence:

14 August 1947 (from the United Kingdom)

Nat'l Symbol:

Star and crescent

Nat'l Anthem:

Qaumi Tarana

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$5,000 (USD)

Currency

Rs (Pakistani Rupee)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = Rs (Pakistani Rupee)123.08

Communication

Internet Code

.pk

Telephone Code

+92

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Cultural Notes

The national dress of Pakistan is the salwar kameez.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pk.html (Majority of information)
http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files//tables/POPULATION%20BY%20RELIGION.pdf (Religious data)
http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/pakistan-population/cities/ (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 23 November 2016