Official English Name: Sultanate of Oman
Official Local Name(s): سلطنة عُمان
Common English Name: Oman
Capital: Muscat

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Official Language(s)

Arabic
Secondary Languages: English, Baluchi, Urdu, Hindi

Resources

Petroleum, Copper, Asbestos, Marble, Limestone, Chromium, Gypsum, Natural gas

Neighbors

United Arab Emirates (Northwest), Saudi Arabia (West), Yemen (Southwest)

Ethnic groups

Omani (54.10%), Expatriates (45.90%)1

People

Est. Population:

4,546,183

Demonym:

Omani

Religions:

Muslim (85.9%)
Christian (6.5%)
Hindu (5.5%)
Buddhist (0.8%)
Atheist (0.2%)

Largest City:

Bawshar (387,000)

Other Cities:

Seeb (340,000)
Salalah (280,000)
Matrah (233,426)
Sohar (193,000)
Muscat (125,000)

Geography

Region:

Middle East

Bodies of Water:

Arabian Sea (East)
Gulf of Oman (North)

Total Area:

309,500 km2 (100% land, 0% water)

Total Land:

1,573 km

Total Coastline:

2,092 km

Climate

Dry desert
Humid coastline

Terrain:

Central desert plain
Rugged mountains in the north and south

Highest Point

Jabal-Shams (2,980 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Sandstorms
Dust storms
Droughts

Government

Type:

Monarchy

Head of State and Government:

Sultan Qaboos bin Said

Admin. Divisions

11 Governorates

Independence:

1650 (from Portugal)

Nat'l Symbol:

Khanjar dagger superimposed on two crossed swords

Nat'l Anthem:

Nashid as-Salaam as-Sultani

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$44,600 (USD)

Currency

ر.ع. (Omani Rial)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = ر.ع. (Omani Rial)0.38

Communication

Internet Code

.om

Telephone Code

+968

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Cultural Notes

Because Oman is a primarily seafaring nation, an important symbol is the dhow.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mu.html (Majority of information)
https://www.ncsi.gov.om/Pages/NCSI.aspx (National population and ethnic data)
http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=OMAN (Muscat population data)
http://www.data.gov.om/en/LandingPage/Topic/ (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 23 November 2016
1Ethnic data by nationality/background is unavailable or uneasily accessible. Among the expatriate population are South Asians, Baluchis, other Arabs, and Africans.