Official English Name: Republic of Niger
Official Local Name(s): République du Niger
Common English Name: Niger
Capital: Niamey

Learn everything you need to know about Niger in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

French
Secondary Languages: Hausa, Zarma

Resources

Uranium, Coal, Iron ore, Tin, Phosphates, Gold, Molybdenum, Gypsum, Salt, Petroleum

Neighbors

Algeria (North), Libya (Northeast), Chad (East), Nigeria (South), Benin (Southwest), Burkina Faso (Southwest), Mali (West)

Ethnic groups

Haoussa (51.1%), Zarma (17.0%), Tuareg (9.5%), Fulani (8.1%), Songhai (5.1%)

People

Est. Population:

18,638,600

Demonym:

Nigerien

Religions:

Muslim (94.3%)
Indigenous (5.0%)
Christian (0.6%)

Largest City:

Niamey (978,029)

Other Cities:

Maradi (267,249)
Zinder (235,605)
Tahoua (117,826)
Agadez (110,497)

Geography

Region:

Western Africa

Bodies of Water:

None (Landlocked)

Total Area:

1,267,000 km2 (99.9% land, 0.1% water)

Total Land:

5,697 km

Total Coastline:

0 km (Landlocked)

Climate

Desert
Tropical in southernmost part

Terrain:

Desert plains
Sand dunes
Rolling plains
Hills in the north

Highest Point

Idoukal-n-Taghes (2,022 m)

Lowest Point

Niger River (200 m)

Natural Disasters

Droughts

Government

Type:

Republic

Heads of State:

President Mahamadou Issoufou

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Brigi Rafini

Admin. Divisions

8 Regions

Independence:

3 August 1960 (from France)

Nat'l Symbol:

Zebu

Nat'l Anthem:

La Nigerienne

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$1,100 (USD)

Currency

CFA (West African CFA Franc)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = CFA (West African CFA Franc)560.82

Communication

Internet Code

.ne

Telephone Code

+227

Episodes Mentioned In

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Cultural Notes

Cure Salée is a festival marked by the end of the rainy season where the Tuareg and Wodaabe people come together and celebrate.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ng.html (Majority of information)
https://joshuaproject.net/countries/NG (Ethnic and religious data)
http://www.devinfo.org/nigerinfo/libraries/aspx/Home.aspx (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 22 November 2016