Official English Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Official Local Name(s): सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल
Common English Name: Nepal
Capital: Kathmandu

Learn everything you need to know about Nepal in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Nepali
Secondary Languages: Maithali, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Tamang, Newar

Resources

Quartz, Water, Timber, Hydropower, Small deposits of lignite, Copper, Cobalt, Iron ore

Neighbors

China (North), India (South)

Ethnic groups

Chhettri (16.6%), Brahman-Hill (12.2%), Magar (7.1%), Tharu (6.6%), Tamang (5.8%)

People

Est. Population:

29,033,914

Demonym:

Nepali

Religions:

Hindu (81.3%)
Buddhist (9%)
Muslim (4.4%)
Kirant (3.1%)
Christian (1.4%)

Largest City:

Kathmandu (975,453)

Other Cities:

Pokhara (255,465)
Lalitpur (220,802)
Biratnagar (201,125)
Bharatpur (143,836)
Dharan (108,600)

Geography

Region:

Southern Asia

Bodies of Water:

None (Landlocked)

Total Area:

147,181 km2 (97.4% land, 2.6% water)

Total Land:

2,926 km

Total Coastline:

0 km (Landlocked)

Climate

Cool summers and severe winters in north
Subtropical summers and mild winters in south

Terrain:

Flat river plain in the south
Central hill region
Mountains in the north

Highest Point

Mount Everest (8,850 m)

Lowest Point

Kanchan Kalan (70 m)

Natural Disasters

Severe thunderstorms
Flooding
Landslides
Droughts

Government

Type:

Federal democratic republic

Heads of State:

President Bidhya Devi Bandari

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Oli

Admin. Divisions

14 Zones

Independence:

1768 (Unification)

Nat'l Symbol:

Rhododendron blossom

Nat'l Anthem:

Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$2,400 (USD)

Currency

रू(Nepalese Rupee)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = रू(Nepalese Rupee)112.23

Communication

Internet Code

.np

Telephone Code

+977

Episodes Mentioned In

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Cultural Notes

Folklore is an integral part of Nepalese society.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/np.html (Majority of information)
http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/sources/census/wphc/Nepal/Nepal-Census-2011-Vol1.pdf (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 16 November 2016