Common English Name: Mongolia
Capital: Ulaanbaatar

Learn everything you need to know about Mongolia in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Khalkha Mongol
Secondary Languages: Russian

Resources

Oil, Coal, Copper, Molybdenum, Tungsten, Phosphates, Tin, Nickel, Zinc, Fluorspar, Gold, Silver, Iron

Neighbors

China (South), Russia (North)

Ethnic groups

Khalkh (81.9%), Kazakh (3.8%), Dorvod (2.7%), Bayad (2.1%), Buryat-Bouriates (1.7%)

People

Est. Population:

3,115,930

Demonym:

Mongolian

Religions:

Buddhist (53.0%)
Atheist (38.6%)
Muslim (3.0%)
Shamainst (2.9%)
Christian (2.2%)

Largest City:

Ulaanbaatar (1,092,997)

Other Cities:

Darkhan (180,738)

Geography

Region:

Northern Asia

Bodies of Water:

None (Landlocked)

Total Area:

1,564,116 km2 (99.3% land, 0.7% water)

Total Land:

8,220 km

Total Coastline:

0 km (Landlocked)

Climate

Desert continental

Terrain:

Vast semidesert
Desert plains
Grassy steppe
Mountains in west and southwest
Major desert in south-central

Highest Point

Nayramadlin Orgil (4,374 m)

Lowest Point

Hoh Nuur (560 m)

Natural Disasters

Dust storms
Forest fires
Droughts
Harsh winter conditions

Government

Type:

Parliamentary

Heads of State:

President Khaltmaagiin Battulga

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh

Admin. Divisions

21 Provinces
1 Municipality

Independence:

11 July 1921 (from China)

Nat'l Symbol:

Soyombo emblem

Nat'l Anthem:

Mongol ulsyn toriin duulal

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$12,200 (USD)

Currency

₮ (Tögrög)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = ₮ (Tögrög)2,468.53

Communication

Internet Code

.mn

Telephone Code

+976

Episodes Mentioned In

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Cultural Notes

Nomadic ways of life are still prevalent.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mn.html (Majority of information)
http://www.en.nso.mn/index.php (Country population data)
http://catalog.ihsn.org/index.php/catalog/4572 (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 14 November 2016