Official English Name: Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Official Local Name(s): الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية
Common English Name: Mauritania
Capital: Nouakchott

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Official Language(s)

Arabic
Secondary Languages: Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof, French, Hassaniya

Resources

Iron ore, Gypsum, Copper, Phosphate, Diamonds, Gold, Oil, Fish

Neighbors

Morocco (Northwest), Algeria (Northeast), Mali (East and South), Senegal (South)

Ethnic groups

Black Moors (40%), White Moors (30%), Black African (30%)

People

Est. Population:

3,677,293

Demonym:

Mauritanian

Religions:

Muslim (100%)

Largest City:

Nouakchott (958,399)

Other Cities:

Nouadhibou (118,167)

Geography

Region:

Western Africa (Maghreb)

Bodies of Water:

Atlantic Ocean (West)

Total Area:

1,030,700 km2 (100% land, 0% water)

Total Land:

5,074 km

Total Coastline:

754 km

Climate

Desert

Terrain:

Barren, flat desert plains
Some central hills

Highest Point

Kediet Ijill (915 m)

Lowest Point

Sebkhet Te-n-Dghamcha (-5 m)

Natural Disasters

Droughts
Dusty winds

Government

Type:

Presidential republic

Heads of State:

President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Mohamed Salem Ould Bechir

Admin. Divisions

13 Regions

Independence:

28 November 1960 (from France)

Nat'l Symbol:

Star and crescent

Nat'l Anthem:

Hymne National de la République Islamique de Mauritanie

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$4,300 (USD)

Currency

UM (Ouguiya)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = UM (Ouguiya)357.44

Communication

Internet Code

.mr

Telephone Code

+222

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Cultural Notes

Cuisine overlaps with those of Morocco in the north and Senegal in the south.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mr.html (Majority of information)
http://www.ons.mr/images/Archive/doc/publication/2014/Annuaire_16-9-15.pdf (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 13 November 2016