Official English Name: Republic of Mali
Official Local Name(s): République de Mali
Common English Name: Mali
Capital: Bamako

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Official Language(s)

French
Secondary Languages: Bambara, Peul, Dogon, Maraka, Malinke

Resources

Gold, Phosphates, Kaolin, Salt, Limestone, Uranium, Gypsum, Granite, Hydropower, Bauxite, Iron ore, Manganese, Tin, Copper

Neighbors

Mauritania (West), Algeria (Northeast), Niger (East), Burkina Faso (Southeast), Côte d’Ivoire (South), Guinea (Southwest), Senegal (West)

Ethnic groups

Bambara (34.1%), Fulani (14.7%), Sarakole (10.8%), Senufo (10.5%), Dogon (8.9%)

People

Est. Population:

17,467,108

Demonym:

Malian

Religions:

Muslim (87.5%)
Indigenous/Animist (9.0%)
Christian (2.7%)
Atheist (0.2%)

Largest City:

Bamako (1,810,366)

Other Cities:

Sikasso (425,016)
Kayes (277,955)
Ségou (200,468)
Mopti (199,498)
Kablankoro (132,478)

Geography

Region:

Western Africa

Bodies of Water:

None (Landlocked)

Total Area:

1,240,192 km2 (98.4% land, 1.6% water)

Total Land:

7,243 km

Total Coastline:

0 km (Landlocked)

Climate

Subtropical to arid

Terrain:

Flat to rolling northern plains covered by sands
Savanna in the south
Rugged hills in the northeast

Highest Point

Hombori Tondo (1,155 m)

Lowest Point

Senegal River (23 m)

Natural Disasters

Droughts
Flooding
Harmattan haze

Government

Type:

Republic

Heads of State:

President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Soumeylou Boubèye Maïga

Admin. Divisions

8 Regions
1 District

Independence:

22 September 1960 (from France)

Nat'l Symbol:

Great Mosque of Djenne

Nat'l Anthem:

Le Mali

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$2,200 (USD)

Currency

CFA (West African Franc)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = CFA (West African Franc)560.82

Communication

Internet Code

.ml

Telephone Code

+223

Episodes Mentioned In

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Cultural Notes

Rice and millet are the staples of Malian cuisine.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ml.html (Majority of information)
https://joshuaproject.net/countries/ML (Religious data)
http://www.instat-mali.org/contenu/pub/anuair14_pub.pdf (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 12 November 2016