Official English Name: Republic of Madagascar
Official Local Name(s): épublique de Madagascar (French)
Repoblikan’i Madagasikara (Malagasy)
Common English Name: Madagascar
Capital: Antananarivo

Learn everything you need to know about Madagascar in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

French, Malagasy
Secondary Languages: English

Resources

Graphite, Chromite, Coal, Bauxite, Rare earth elements, Salt, Quartz, Tar sands, Semiprecious stones, Mica, Fish, Hydropower

Neighbors

None (Island)

Ethnic groups

Malayo-Indonesian, Cotiers, French, Indian, Comoran

People

Est. Population:

24,430,325

Demonym:

Malagasy

Religions:

Indigenous beliefs (52%)
Christian (41%)
Muslim (7%)

Largest City:

Antananarivo (1,334,300)

Other Cities:

Toamasina (282,100)
Antsirabe (244,900)
Mahajanga (226,600)
Fianarantsoa (195,500)
Toliary (161,000)

Geography

Region:

Southern Africa

Bodies of Water:

Indian Ocean (Surrounded)

Total Area:

587,041 km2 (99.1% land, 0.9% water)

Total Land:

0 km (Island)

Total Coastline:

4,828 km

Climate

Tropical along coast
Temperate inland
Arid in the south

Terrain:

Narrow coastal plain
High plateau
Mountains in the center

Highest Point

Maromokotro (2,876 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Cyclones
Droughts
Locust plagues
Volcanic activity

Government

Type:

Republic

Heads of State:

President Andry Rajoelina

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Christian Ntsay

Admin. Divisions

6 Provinces

Independence:

26 June 1960 (from France)

Nat'l Symbol:

Zebu

Nat'l Anthem:

Ry Tanindraza nay malala o

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$1,500 (USD)

Currency

Ariary

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = Ariary0

Communication

Internet Code

.mg

Telephone Code

+261

Episodes Mentioned In

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Cultural Notes

Moraingy is a traditional martial art of Madagascar.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mg.html (Majority of information)
http://instat.mg/ (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 12 November 2016
1No data on ethnicity is available. Madgascar attempted to carry out a census in 2011 but it failed.