Official English Name: Lebanese Republic
Official Local Name(s): الجمهورية اللبنانية
Common English Name: Lebanon
Capital: Beirut

Learn everything you need to know about Lebanon in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Arabic
Secondary Languages: French, English, Armenian

Resources

Limestone, Iron ore, Salt, Water surplus, Arable land

Neighbors

Syria (East), Israel (South)

Ethnic groups

Arab (95%), Armenian (4%)

People

Est. Population:

6,237,738

Demonym:

Lebanese

Religions:

Muslim (65.47%)2
Christian (34.35%)

Largest City:

Beirut (1,916,100)

Other Cities:

Ra's Bayrut (1,251,739)
Tripoli (229,398)
Sidon (163,554)
Tyre (135,204)
Nabatiye et Tahta (120,000)

Geography

Region:

Middle East

Bodies of Water:

Mediterranean Sea (West)

Total Area:

10,400 km2 (98.4% land, 1.6% water)

Total Land:

454 km

Total Coastline:

225 km

Climate

Mediterranean

Terrain:

Narrow coastal plain
Valley in between mountains

Highest Point

Qornet es Saouda (3,088 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Dust storms
Sandstorms

Government

Type:

Republic

Heads of State:

President Michel Aoun

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Saad Hariri

Admin. Divisions

6 Governorates

Independence:

22 November 1943 (from France)

Nat'l Symbol:

Cedar Tree

Nat'l Anthem:

Kulluna lil-watan

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$18,300 (USD)

Currency

£ (Lebanese Pound)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = £ (Lebanese Pound)1,510.45

Communication

Internet Code

.lb

Telephone Code

+961

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Cultural Notes

Society in Lebanon is much more liberal and accepting than the other countries in the region, especially with regards to issues such as women’s rights, homosexuality, etc.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/le.html (Majority of information)
http://www.csb.gov.lv/sites/default/files/nr_11_demografija_2015_15_00_lv_en_0.pdf (Ethnic data)
http://www.lstatic.org/PDF/demographenglish.pdf (Religious data)
http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/lebanon-population/cities/ (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 11 November 2016
1This ethnic data is outdated. More recent data is difficult to find.
2The Druze Islamic sect is difficult to find accurate data on. However, it is estimated that as of 2009, 6-8% of Lebanon's population is Druze.