Official English Name: Kingdom of Lesotho
Official Local Name(s): ‘Muso oa Lesotho
Common English Name: Lesotho
Capital: Maseru

Learn everything you need to know about Lesotho in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Sesotho, English
Secondary Languages: Zulu, Xhosa

Resources

Water, Agricultural land, Grazing land, Diamonds, Sand, Clay, Building stone

Neighbors

South Africa (Surrounded)

Ethnic groups

Sotho (99.7%), Other (0.3%)1

People

Est. Population:

1,953,070

Demonym:

Basotho

Religions:

Christian (80%)
Indigenous beliefs (20%)

Largest City:

Maseru (178,345)

Geography

Region:

Southern Africa

Bodies of Water:

None (Landlocked)

Total Area:

30,355 km2 (100% land, 0% water)

Total Land:

909 km

Total Coastline:

0 km (Landlocked)

Climate

Temperate

Terrain:

Highland
Plateaus
Hills
Mountains

Highest Point

Thabana Ntlenyana (3,482 m)

Lowest Point

Junction of the Orange and Makhaleng Rivers (1,400 m)

Natural Disasters

Droughts

Government

Type:

Parliamentary constitutional monarchy

Heads of State:

King Letsie III

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Tom Thabane

Admin. Divisions

10 Districts

Independence:

4 October 1966 (from the United Kingdom)

Nat'l Symbol:

Basotho hat

Nat'l Anthem:

Lesotho fatse la bo ntat’a rona

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$3,000 (USD)

Currency

LSL (Maloti)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = LSL (Maloti)14.25

Communication

Internet Code

.ls

Telephone Code

+266

Episodes Mentioned In

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Cultural Notes

Basotho blankets comprise the main style of clothing, made primarily out of wool.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/lt.html (Majority of information)
http://www.bos.gov.ls/nada/index.php/catalog/6 (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 11 November 2016
1The other minor ethnic groups found in Lesotho include Europeans and Asians.