Official English Name: Republic of Latvia
Official Local Name(s): Latvijas Republika
Common English Name: Latvia
Capital: Riga

Learn everything you need to know about Latvia in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Latvian
Secondary Languages: Russian, Polish, Ukrainian, Belarusian

Resources

Peat, Limestone, Dolomite, Amber, Hydropower, Timber, Arable land

Neighbors

Russia (East), Estonia (North), Belarus (Southeast), Lithuania (South)

Ethnic groups

Latvian (61.61%), Russian (25.80%), Belarusian (3.39%), Ukrainian (2.25%), Polish (2.14%)

People

Est. Population:

1,965,686

Demonym:

Latvian

Religions:

Atheist (50.00%)
Lutheran (12.76%)
Roman Catholic (10.98%)
Baptist (4.27%)
Orthodox (3.07%)

Largest City:

Riga (658,640)

Geography

Region:

Eastern Europe

Bodies of Water:

Baltic Sea (West)

Total Area:

64,589 km2 (96.4% land, 3.6% water)

Total Land:

1,382 km

Total Coastline:

489 km

Climate

Maritime

Terrain:

Low plain

Highest Point

Gaizina Kalns (312 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Government

Type:

Parliamentary democracy

Heads of State:

President Egils Levits

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Krisjanis Karins

Admin. Divisions

110 Municipalities
9 Cities

Independence:

4 May 1990 (from Soviet Union)

Nat'l Symbol:

White wagtail

Nat'l Anthem:

Dievs, sveti Latviju!

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$24,700 (USD)

Currency

€ (Euro)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = € (Euro)0.86

Communication

Internet Code

.lv

Telephone Code

+371

Episodes Mentioned In

Episode 132 - Latvia
Posted on Tuesday August 27, 2019

Cultural Notes

Latvians have a rich history of folklore.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/lg.html (Majority of information)
http://www.csb.gov.lv/sites/default/files/nr_11_demografija_2015_15_00_lv_en_0.pdf (Ethnic data)
http://bit.ly/2eL5bPE (Religious data)
http://bit.ly/2fJiKA0 (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 11 November 2016