Official English Name: Lao People's Democratic Republic
Official Local Name(s): ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ
Common English Name: Laos
Capital: Vientiane

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Official Language(s)

Lao
Secondary Languages: French, English

Resources

Timber, Hydropower, Gypsum, Tin, Gold, Gemstones

Neighbors

Thailand (West), Vietnam (East), China (Northeast), Myanmar (Northwest), Cambodia (South)

Ethnic groups

Lao (53.2%), Khmou (11.0%), Hmong (9.2%), Phouthay (3.4%), Tai (3.1%)

People

Est. Population:

7,019,073

Demonym:

Lao

Religions:

Buddhist (64.7%)
Atheist (31.4%)
Christian (1.7%)

Largest City:

Vientiane (639,600)

Other Cities:

Savannakhét (125,700)

Geography

Region:

Southeastern Asia

Bodies of Water:

None (Landlocked)

Total Area:

236,800 km2 (97.5% land, 2.5% water)

Total Land:

5,083 km

Total Coastline:

0 km (Landlocked)

Climate

Tropical monsoon

Terrain:

Mostly rugged and mountainous
Some plains
Plateaus

Highest Point

Phu Bia (2,817 m)

Lowest Point

Mekong Rvier (70 m)

Natural Disasters

Flooding
Droughts

Government

Type:

Communist state

Heads of State:

President Bounnhang Vorachith

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith

Admin. Divisions

16 Provinces
1 Capital city

Independence:

19 July 1949 (from France)

Nat'l Symbol:

Elephant

Nat'l Anthem:

Pheng Xat Lao

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$5,400 (USD)

Currency

₭ (Kip)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = ₭ (Kip)8,518.60

Communication

Internet Code

.la

Telephone Code

+856

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Cultural Notes

Lao people practice the Buddhist concept of muan, which emphasizes that actions should not be taken too quickly or too seriously, aiming to keep people content and free of unnecessary worry.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/la.html (Majority of information)
http://www.lsb.gov.la/PDF/PHC-ENG-FNAL-WEB.pdf (Ethnic, religious, and city population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 11 November 2016