Official English Name: Kyrgyz Republic
Official Local Name(s): Кыргыз Республикасы (Kyrgyz)
Кыргызская Республика (Russian)
Common English Name: Kyrgyzstan
Capital: Bishkek

Learn everything you need to know about Kyrgyzstan in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Kyrgyz, Russian
Secondary Languages: Uzbek, Dungun

Resources

Hydropower, Gold, Rare earth metals, Coal, Oil, Natural gas, Nepheline, Mercury, Bismuth, Lead, Zinc

Neighbors

Kazakhstan (North), China (Southeast), Tajikistan (South), Uzbekistan (West)

Ethnic groups

Kyrgyz (72.3%), Uzbek (14.4%), Russian (6.6%), Dungan (1.1%), Uighur (0.9%)

People

Est. Population:

5,727,553

Demonym:

Kyrgyzstani

Religions:

Muslim (75%)
Russian Orthodox (20%)

Largest City:

Bishkek (944,300)

Other Cities:

Osh (248,100)
Jalal-Abad (101,900)

Geography

Region:

Central Asia

Bodies of Water:

None (Landlocked)

Total Area:

199,951 km2 (95.9% land, 4.1% water)

Total Land:

3,051 km

Total Coastline:

0 km (Landlocked)

Climate

Mostly dry continental
Polar in southeast
Tropical in southwest
Temperate in north

Terrain:

Mountains
Valleys
Basins

Highest Point

Jengish Chokusu (7,439 m)

Lowest Point

Kara-Daryya (132 m)

Government

Type:

Republic

Heads of State:

President Sooronbay Jeenbekov

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Muhammetkaliy Abulgaziev

Admin. Divisions

7 Provinces

Independence:

31 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

Nat'l Symbol:

Gyrfalcon

Nat'l Anthem:

Kyrgyz Respublikasynyn Mamlekettik Gimni

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$3,400 (USD)

Currency

лв (Kyrgyz Som)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = лв (Kyrgyz Som)68.64

Communication

Internet Code

.kg

Telephone Code

+996

Episodes Mentioned In

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Cultural Notes

Horse riding is an integral part of Kyrgyz culture.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kg.html (Majority of information)
https://web.archive.org/web/20131113151445/http://www.stat.kg/stat.files/din.files/census/5010003.pdf (Ethnic group data)
http://stat.kg/en/statistics/naselenie/ (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 11 November 2016