Official English Name: Republic of Kazakhstan
Official Local Name(s): Қазақстан Республикасы (Kazakh)
Республика Казахстан (Russian)
Common English Name: Kazakhstan
Capital: Astana

Learn everything you need to know about Kazakhstan in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Kazakh, Russian
Secondary Languages:

Resources

Petroleum, Natural gas, Coal, Iron ore, Manganese, Chrome ore, Nickel, Cobalt, Copper, Molybdenum, Lead, Zinc, Bauxite, Gold, Uranium

Neighbors

Russia (North), China (East), Kyrgyzstan (Southeast), Uzbekistan (South), Turkmenistan (Southwest)

Ethnic groups

Kazakh (65.5%), Russian (21.5%), Uzbek (3.0%), Ukrainian (1.8%), Uighur (1.4%)

People

Est. Population:

18,360,353

Demonym:

Kazakhstani

Religions:

Muslim (70.2%)
Christian (26.2%)
Atheist (2.8%)

Largest City:

Almaty (1,703,481)

Other Cities:

Shymkent (885,799)
Astana (872,655)
Qaragandy (497,825)
Aqtobe (397,572)
Taraz (362,993)

Geography

Region:

Central Asia

Bodies of Water:

Aral Sea (South)
Caspian Sea (Southwest)

Total Area:

2,724,900 km2 (99.1% land, 0.9% water)

Total Land:

12,185 km

Total Coastline:

2,964 km

Climate

Arid to semiarid
Continental

Terrain:

Vast flat steppe in the west
Mountains in the east
Plains in the north
Deserts in the south

Highest Point

Khan Tangiri Shyng (6,995 m)

Lowest Point

Vpadina Kaundy (-132 m)

Natural Disasters

Earthquakes
Mudslides

Government

Type:

Republic (Authoritarian presidential rule)

Heads of State:

President Kasym-Zhomart Tokayev

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Askar Mamin

Admin. Divisions

14 Provinces
3 Cities

Independence:

16 December 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

Nat'l Symbol:

Golden eagle

Nat'l Anthem:

Menin Qazaqstanim

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$25,900 (USD)

Currency

₸ (Tenge)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = ₸ (Tenge)361.94

Communication

Internet Code

.kz

Telephone Code

+7

Episodes Mentioned In

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Cultural Notes

Kazakh cuisine tends to revolve around dairy products, lamb, and horse meat.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kz.html (Majority of information)
https://web.archive.org/web/20100628101359/http://www.stat.kz/p_perepis/Pages/n_04_02_10.aspx (Ethnic data)
http://bit.ly/2fGnztR (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 10 November 2016