Official Local Name(s): 日本国
Common English Name: Japan
Capital: Tokyo

Learn everything you need to know about Japan in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Japanese
Secondary Languages:

Resources

Fish

Neighbors

None (Island)

Ethnic groups

Japanese (98.33%), Chinese (0.51%), Korean (0.39%), Filipino (0.17%), Vietnamese (0.07%)

People

Est. Population:

126,168,156

Demonym:

Japanese

Religions:

Shintoism and/or Buddhism (91.4%)
Other Religions (7.1%)
Christianity (1.5%)

Largest City:

Tokyo (8,336,599)

Other Cities:

Yokohama (3,574,443)
Osaka (2,592,413)
Nagoya (2,191,279)
Sapporo (1,883,027)
Kobe (1,528,478)

Geography

Region:

Eastern Asia

Bodies of Water:

Sea of Japan/Eastern Sea (Northwest)
Pacific Ocean (East)

Total Area:

377,915 km2 (96.4% land, 3.6% water)

Total Land:

0 km (Island)

Total Coastline:

29,751 km

Climate

Tropical in south
Cool temperate in north

Terrain:

Mostly rugged and mountainous

Highest Point

Fujiyama (3,776 m)

Lowest Point

Hachiro-Gata (-4 m)

Natural Disasters

Volcanic activity
Earthquakes
Tsunamis
Typhoons

Government

Type:

Parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy

Heads of State:

Emperor Narhito

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Shinzō Abe

Admin. Divisions

47 Prefectures

Independence:

3 May 1947 (Adoption of current constitution)

Nat'l Symbol:

Red sun disk

Nat'l Anthem:

Kimigayo

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$38,100 (USD)

Currency

¥ (Yen)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = ¥ (Yen)111.18

Communication

Internet Code

.jp

Telephone Code

+81

Episodes Mentioned In

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Cultural Notes

Do not shake hands when you greet; instead bow with your palms on your thighs.
People are judged mostly by their behavior during non-business hours, even in the business world.
Drinking is a group activity, with toasting being very important. Do not refuse drinks. If you do not want anymore, keep your glass half full.
It is acceptable to slurp noodles.
When doing business in a meeting or a business room, wait for the person who called the meeting to give instructions to sit down before taking your seat.
Receive and present gifts and business cards alike with both hands. Receive with a bow. Do not give gifts if you don’t have something for everybody in the situation.
Business cards are extremely important to the Japanese. When you receive it, hold eye contact, and do not write anything on it.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ja.html (Majority of information)
http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/nenkan/pdf/yhyou02.pdf (Ethnic data)
http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/japan-population/cities/ (Tokyo population)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 9 November 2016
1 Japan does not collect ethnic data, this information is by nationality. Due to Japan's homogenous population structure, this is quite accurate in terms of describing ethnicity.