Official English Name: State of Israel
Official Local Name(s): מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Hebrew)
دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل (Arabic)
Common English Name: Israel
Capital: Jerusalem

Learn everything you need to know about Israel in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Hebrew, Arabic
Secondary Languages: English

Resources

Timber, Potash, Copper ore, Natural gas, Phosphate rock, Magnesium bromide, Clays, Sand

Neighbors

Egypt (West), Lebanon (North), Syria (Northeast), Jordan (East)

Ethnic groups

Jewish (74.8%), Israeli (75.6%), European/American/Oceanian (16.6%), African (4.9%), Asian (2.9%), Non-Jewish Arab (25.2%)

People

Est. Population:

8,174,527

Demonym:

Israeli

Religions:

Jewish (74.8%)
Muslim (17.6%)
Christian (2.0%)
Druze (1.6%)

Largest City:

Jerusalem (865,721)

Other Cities:

Tel Aviv (432,892)
Haifa (278,903)
Rishon LeZion (243,973)
Petah Tikva (230,984)
Ashdod (220,174)

Geography

Region:

Middle East

Bodies of Water:

Mediterranean Sea (West)

Total Area:

20,770 km2 (97.9% land, 2.1% water)

Total Land:

1,086 km

Total Coastline:

273 km

Climate

Temperate

Terrain:

Desert in south
Low coastal plains
Central mountains
Eastern rift valley

Highest Point

Har Meron (1,208 m)

Lowest Point

Dead Sea (-408 m)

Natural Disasters

Sandstorms
Droughts
Earthquakes

Government

Type:

Parliamentary democracy

Heads of State:

President Reuven Rivlin

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu

Admin. Divisions

6 Districts

Independence:

14 May 1948 (from the United Kingdom)

Nat'l Symbol:

Star of David

Nat'l Anthem:

Hatikvah

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$34,100 (USD)

Currency

₪ (Shekel)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = ₪ (Shekel)3.63

Communication

Internet Code

.il

Telephone Code

+972

Episodes Mentioned In

Episode 22 - Israel
Posted on Friday October 14, 2016

Cultural Notes

Although Israel is a Jewish state, Arabic is an official language for the Arab minority.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/is.html (Majority of information)
http://www.cbs.gov.il/ishuvim/reshimalefishem.pdf (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 9 November 2016