Official English Name: Republic of Iraq
Official Local Name(s): جمهورية العـراق (Arabic)
كۆماری عێراق (Kurdish)
Common English Name: Iraq
Capital: Baghdad

Learn everything you need to know about Iraq in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Arabic, Kurdish
Secondary Languages: Turkmen, Assyrian, Armenian

Resources

Petroleum, Natural gas, Phosphates, Sulfur

Neighbors

Iran (East), Turkey (North), Syria (West), Jordan (West), Saudi Arabia (South), Kuwait (Southeast)

Ethnic groups

Arab (74%), Kurdish (21%), Turkmen (2%), Assyrian (2%)

People

Est. Population:

38,146,025

Demonym:

Iraqi

Religions:

Shi'a Muslim (62%)
Sunni Muslim (37%)
Christian (0.8%)
Unaffiliated (0.1%)
Hindu/Buddhist/Jewish (0.1%)

Largest City:

Baghdad (6,150,000)

Other Cities:

Mosul (1,450,000)
Basra (1,200,000)
Irbil (1,025,000)
Kirkuk (975,000)
Sulaymaniah (725,000)

Geography

Region:

Middle East

Bodies of Water:

Persian Gulf (Southeast)

Total Area:

438,317 km2 (99.8% land, 0.2% water)

Total Land:

3,809 km

Total Coastline:

58 km

Climate

Desert
Colder winters in mountains

Terrain:

Broad plains
Marshes along Iranian border
Eastern and northern mountains

Highest Point

Cheeka Dar (3,611 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Flooding
Dust storms
Sandstorms

Government

Type:

Parliamentary Democracy

Heads of State:

President Barham Salih

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi

Admin. Divisions

18 Governorates
1 Region

Independence:

3 October 1932 (from the United Kingdom)

Nat'l Symbol:

Golden eagle

Nat'l Anthem:

Mawtini

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$15,200 (USD)

Currency

ع.د (Iraqi Dinar)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = ع.د (Iraqi Dinar)1,193.35

Communication

Internet Code

.iq

Telephone Code

+964

Episodes Mentioned In

Episode 26 - Iraq
Posted on Friday November 11, 2016

Cultural Notes

Cuisine in Iraq is very similar to the Mesopotamian cuisine from 10,000 years ago.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/iz.html (Majority of information)
https://www.citypopulation.de/Iraq.html (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 8 November 2016