Official English Name: Republic of Iceland
Official Local Name(s): Lýðveldið Ísland
Common English Name: Iceland
Capital: Reykjavík

Learn everything you need to know about Iceland in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Icelandic
Secondary Languages: English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German

Resources

Fish, Hydropower, Geothermal power, Diatomite

Neighbors

None (Island)

Ethnic groups

Icelandic (92.04%), Polish (3.63%), Lithuanian (0.55%), German (0.31%), Danish (0.26%)

People

Est. Population:

335,878

Demonym:

Icelandic

Religions:

Evangelical Lutheran Church of Iceland (71.55%)
Atheist (5.77%)
Roman Catholic (3.73%)
Reykjavík Free Church (2.87%)
Hafnarfjörður Free Church (1.95%)

Largest City:

Reykjavík (121,486)

Other Cities:

Constitutional Republic

Geography

Region:

Northern Europe (Scandinavia)

Bodies of Water:

Atlantic Ocean (Surrounded)

Total Area:

103,000 km2 (97.3% land, 2.7% water)

Total Land:

0 km (Island)

Total Coastline:

4,970 km

Climate

Temperate

Terrain:

Plateau
Mountain peaks
Ice fields
Fjords and bays on the coast

Highest Point

Hvannadalshnúkur (2,110 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Earthquakes
Volcanic activity

Government

Heads of State:

President Guðni Thorlacius Jóhannesson

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Katrín Jakobsdóttir

Admin. Divisions

8 Regions

Independence:

17 June 1944 (from Denmark)

Nat'l Symbol:

Gyrfalcon

Nat'l Anthem:

Lofsöngur

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$45,600 (USD)

Currency

kr (Krona)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = kr (Krona)106.81

Communication

Internet Code

.is

Telephone Code

+354

Episodes Mentioned In

Episode 59 - Iceland (Pt. 2)
Posted on Tuesday January 16, 2018

Episode 25 - Iceland
Posted on Friday November 04, 2016

Cultural Notes

Naming newborns in Iceland follows a certain set of laws; the government has a set list of names from which the names must be selected. No other names may be used.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ic.html (Majority of information)
http://bit.ly/2eS0jJF (Ethnic data)
http://bit.ly/2fzBYvy (Religious data)
http://bit.ly/2eAQgYm (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)Information accurate to best of ability as of 8 November 2016