Official English Name: Republic of Guatemala
Official Local Name(s): República de Guatemala
Common English Name: Guatemala
Capital: Guatemala City

Learn everything you need to know about Guatemala in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Spanish
Secondary Languages: Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna

Resources

Petroleum, Nickel, Rare woods, Fish, Chicle, Hydropower

Neighbors

Mexico (West and North), Belize (East), Honduras (Southeast), El Salvador (Southeast)

Ethnic groups

Mestizo (41.0%), Amerindian (38.9%), White (18.5%), Black (1.0%), Asian (0.6%)

People

Est. Population:

15,189,958

Demonym:

Guatemalan

Religions:

Roman Catholic (47%)
Evangelical (40%)
Atheist (9%)
Others (3%)

Largest City:

Guatemala City (994,000)

Other Cities:

Villa Nueva (489,080)
Mixco (474,400)
Petapa (181,200)
Quetzaltenango (153,200)
San Juan Sacatepéquez (129,600)

Geography

Region:

Central America

Bodies of Water:

Pacific Ocean (West)
Gulf of Honduras (East)

Total Area:

108,889 km2 (98.4% land, 1.6% water)

Total Land:

1,667 km

Total Coastline:

400 km

Climate

Tropical

Terrain:

Mostly mountainous
Coastal plains
Plateau

Highest Point

Volcan Tajumulco (4,211 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Earthquakes
Hurricanes
Tropical storms
Volcanic activity

Government

Type:

Constitutional Democratic Republic

Head of State and Government:

President Jimmy Morales

Admin. Divisions

22 Departments

Independence:

15 September 1821 (from Spain)

Nat'l Symbol:

Quetzal

Nat'l Anthem:

Himno Nacional de Guatemala

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$7,800 (USD)

Currency

Q (Quetzal)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = Q (Quetzal)0

Communication

Internet Code

.gt

Telephone Code

+502

Episodes Mentioned In

Episode 103 - Guatemala
Posted on Tuesday January 01, 2019

Cultural Notes

Textiles in Guatemala are known for their bright colors and vibrant designs.

Sources