Official English Name: Hellenic Republic
Official Local Name(s): Ελληνική Δημοκρατία
Common English Name: Greece
Capital: Athens

Learn everything you need to know about Greece in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Greek
Secondary Languages: English, French

Resources

Lignite, Petroleum, Iron ore, Bauxite, Lead, Zinc, Nickel, Magnesite, Marble, Salt, Hydropower potential

Neighbors

Albania (Northwest), North Macedonia (North), Bulgaria (North), Turkey (East)

Ethnic groups

Greek (91.56%), Albanian (4.45%), Bulgarian (0.70%), Romanian (0.43%), Pakistani (0.31%)

People

Est. Population:

10,773,253

Demonym:

Greek

Religions:

Greek Orthodox (88.0%)
Atheist (6.1%)
Muslim (5.3%)

Largest City:

Athens (664,046)

Other Cities:

Thessaloniki (315,196)
Patras (168,034)
Piraeus (163,688)
Larissa (144,651)
Heraklion (140,730)

Geography

Region:

Southern Europe

Bodies of Water:

Ionian Sea (West)
Aegean Sea (East)
Mediterranean Sea (South)

Total Area:

131,957 km2 (99.0% land, 1.0% water)

Total Land:

1,110 km

Total Coastline:

13,676 km

Climate

Temperate

Terrain:

Mostly mountainous

Highest Point

Mount Olympus (2,917 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Earthquakes
Volcanic activity

Government

Type:

Parliamentary Republic

Heads of State:

President Prokopis Pavlopoulos

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis

Admin. Divisions

13 Regions
1 Autonomous monastic state

Independence:

3 February 1830 (from Ottoman Empire)

Nat'l Symbol:

Greek cross

Nat'l Anthem:

Ymnos eis tin Eleftherian

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$26,400 (USD)

Currency

€ (Euro)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = € (Euro)0.86

Communication

Internet Code

.gr

Telephone Code

+30

Episodes Mentioned In

Episode 113 - Greece
Posted on Tuesday March 26, 2019

Cultural Notes

Greeks tend to not hold back on showing their affection.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gr.html (Majority of information)
http://bit.ly/2ebGhNK (Ethnic data)
http://www.pewforum.org/2014/04/04/religious-diversity-index-scores-by-country/ (Religious data)
http://www.tovima.gr/files/1/2011/07/22/apografh22.pdf (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 5 November 2016
1 It is illegal to collect data on ethnicity in Greece. The data shown is based on nationality.