Official English Name: Gabonese Republic
Official Local Name(s): République gabonaise
Common English Name: Gabon
Capital: Libreville

Learn everything you need to know about Gabon in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

French
Secondary Languages: Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou, Bandjabi

Resources

Petroleum, Natural gas, Diamond, Niobium, Manganese, Uranium, Gold, Timber, Iron ore, Hydropower

Neighbors

Equatorial Guinea (North), Republic of the Congo (South and East), Cameroon (North)

Ethnic groups

Fang (34.39%), Punu (10.09%), Nzebi (8.78%), Mbede (7.11%), Kota (3.70%)

People

Est. Population:

1,738,541

Demonym:

Gabonese

Religions:

Roman Catholic (41.9%)
Other Christian (32.4%)
Protestant (13.7%)
Islam (6.4%)
None/No Answer (5.0%)

Largest City:

Libreville (703,904)

Other Cities:

Port-Gentil (136,462)
Franceville (110,568)

Geography

Region:

Central Africa

Bodies of Water:

Atlantic Ocean (West)

Total Area:

267,667 km2 (96.3% land, 3.7% water)

Total Land:

3,261 km

Total Coastline:

885 km

Climate

Tropical

Terrain:

Narrow coastal plain
Hilly interior
Savannas

Highest Point

Mount Iboundji (1,575 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Government

Type:

Republic

Heads of State:

President Ali Bongo Ondimba

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Julien Nkoghe Bekale

Admin. Divisions

9 Provinces

Independence:

17 August 1960 (from France)

Nat'l Symbol:

Black panther

Nat'l Anthem:

La Concorde

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$18,700 (USD)

Currency

FCFA (Central African Franc)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = FCFA (Central African Franc)560.81

Communication

Internet Code

.ga

Telephone Code

+241

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Cultural Notes

Folklore is an important part of Gabonese cultures. Orators are prominent throughout the different ethnic groups, such as the Mvett of the Fang and Ingwala of the Nzebi.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gb.html (Majority of information)
http://www.geohive.com/cntry/gabon.aspx (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)