Official English Name: Republic of Finland
Official Local Name(s): Suomen tasavalta (Finnish)
Republiken Finland (Swedish)
Common English Name: Finland
Capital: Helsinki

Learn everything you need to know about Finland in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Finnish, Swedish
Secondary Languages: Sami, Russian

Resources

Timber, Iron ore, Copper, Lead, Zinc, Chromite, Nickel, Gold, Silver, Limestone

Neighbors

Russia (East), Sweden (West), Norway (North)

Ethnic groups

Finnish (93.81%), Estonian (0.86%), Somali (0.32%), Iraqi (0.25%), Chinese (0.19%)

People

Est. Population:

5,498,211

Demonym:

Finn

Religions:

Lutheran (72.98%)
Atheist (24.35%)
Greek Orthodox (1.12%)
Jehovah's Witness (0.33%)
Muslim (0.24%)

Largest City:

Helsinki (634,509)

Other Cities:

Espoo (273,216)
Tampere (227,832)
Vantaa (218,170)
Oulu (200,117)
Turku (187,391)

Geography

Region:

Northern Europe (Scandinavia)

Bodies of Water:

Gulf of Bothnia (West)
Baltic Sea (Southwest)
Gulf of Finland (South)

Total Area:

338,145 km2 (89.8% land, 10.2% water)

Total Land:

2,563 km

Total Coastline:

1,250 km

Climate

Cold temperate

Terrain:

Flat to rolling plains
Low hills and lakes

Highest Point

Halti (1,328 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Government

Type:

Republic

Heads of State:

President Sauli Niinistö

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Antti Rinne

Admin. Divisions

19 Regions

Independence:

6 December 1917 (from Russia)

Nat'l Symbol:

Lion

Nat'l Anthem:

Maamme

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$41,100 (USD)

Currency

€ (Euro)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = € (Euro)0.86

Communication

Internet Code

.fi

Telephone Code

+358

Episodes Mentioned In

Episode 136 - Finland (Pt. 2)
Posted on Tuesday September 24, 2019

Episode 66 - Finland
Posted on Tuesday March 06, 2018

Cultural Notes

School is very informal in Finland, as the students can call the teachers by their first names and recess is allowed even throughout secondary education.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/fi.html (Majority of information)
http://bit.ly/2fDzY6F (Ethnic data)
http://bit.ly/2e9ClgE (Lignustic data)
http://bit.ly/2e9Dtkk (Religious data)
http://bit.ly/2fktSnY (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 4 November 2016
1 Finland does not collect data on ethnic groups, background and origin data was used for this. Of those with a Finnish background, approximately 5% are Finnish Swedes who speak Swedish as their first language.