Official English Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Official Local Name(s): የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ
Common English Name: Ethiopia
Capital: Addis Ababa

Learn everything you need to know about Ethiopia in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Amharic, Oromo, Somali, Tigrinya, Afar
Secondary Languages: English, Arabic, Sidamo, Wolaytta

Resources

Platinum, Copper, Potash, Natural gas, Hydropower, Gold

Neighbors

Somalia (East), Eritrea (North), Djibouti (Northeast), Sudan (Northwest), South Sudan (West), Kenya (South)

Ethnic groups

Oromo (34.4%), Amhara (27%), Somali (6.2%), Tigray (6.1%), Sidama (4%)

People

Est. Population:

108,386,391

Demonym:

Ethiopian

Religions:

Ethiopian Orthodox (43.5%)
Muslim (33.9%)
Protestant (18.5%)
Traditional (2.7%)
Catholic (0.7%)

Largest City:

Addis Ababa (3,352,000)

Other Cities:

Adama(342,940)
Gondar (341,991)
Mek'ele (340,858)
Hawassa (318,618)
Bahir Dar (297,794)

Geography

Region:

Eastern Africa

Bodies of Water:

None (Landlocked)

Total Area:

1,104,300 km2 (90.6% land, 9.4% water)

Total Land:

5,925 km

Total Coastline:

0 km (Landlocked)

Climate

Varied monsoon

Terrain:

High plateau
Central mountains
Valley

Highest Point

Ras Dejen (4,533 m)

Lowest Point

Danakil Depression (-125 m)

Natural Disasters

Droughts
Earthquakes
Volcanic activity

Government

Type:

Federal Republic

Heads of State:

President Sahle-Work Zewde

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn

Admin. Divisions

9 States
2 Self-governing administrations

Independence:

First century BCE (formation of Aksumite Kingdom, oldest independent nation in Africa)

Nat'l Symbol:

Abyssinian lion

Nat'l Anthem:

Whedefit Gesgeshi Woud Enat Ethiopia

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$1,800 (USD)

Currency

Br (Birr)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = Br (Birr)27.62

Communication

Internet Code

.et

Telephone Code

+251

Episodes Mentioned In

Episode 56 - Ethiopia
Posted on Tuesday December 12, 2017

Cultural Notes

There are a total of 90 different languages spoken within the country.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/et.html (Majority of information)
http://www.csa.gov.et/images/documents/pdf_files/nationalstatisticsabstract/2006/total.pdf (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 1 November 2016