Official English Name: Republic of Estonia
Official Local Name(s): Eesti Vabariik
Common English Name: Estonia
Capital: Tallinn

Learn everything you need to know about Estonia in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Estonian
Secondary Languages: Russian, Ukrainian

Resources

Oil shale, Peat, Rare earth elements, Phosphorite, Clay, Limestone, Sand, Dolomite, Arable land, Sea mud

Neighbors

Russia (East), Latvia (South)

Ethnic groups

Estonian (69.7%), Russian (25.2%), Ukrainian (1.7%), Belarusian (0.9%), Finnish (0.6%)

People

Est. Population:

1,258,545

Demonym:

Estonian

Religions:

Atheist (54.1%)
Unspecified (16.7%)
Orthodox (16.2%)
Lutheran (9.9%)
Other Christian (2.2%)

Largest City:

Tallinn (429,829)

Other Cities:

Tartu (97,843)

Geography

Region:

Eastern Europe

Bodies of Water:

Baltic Sea (North and West)

Total Area:

45,228 km2
(93.7% land, 6.3% water)

Total Land:

657 km

Total Coastline:

3,794 km

Climate

Maritime

Terrain:

Marshy lowlands
Hills in the south
Flat in the north

Highest Point

Suur Munamägi (318 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Flooding

Government

Type:

Parliamentary republic

Heads of State:

President Kersti Kaljulaid

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Jüri Ratas

Admin. Divisions

15 Counties

Independence:

6 September 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

Nat'l Symbol:

Barn swallow

Nat'l Anthem:

Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$28,700 (USD)

Currency

€ (Euro)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = € (Euro)0.86

Communication

Internet Code

.ee

Telephone Code

+372

Episodes Mentioned In

Episode 87 - Estonia
Posted on Tuesday August 14, 2018

Cultural Notes

Most Estonians consider themselves to be Nordic than Baltic.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/en.html (Majority of information)
http://bit.ly/2fjVp9s (Ethnic group and city population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 3 November 2016