Official English Name: State of Eritrea
Official Local Name(s): ናይ ኤርትራ መንግስቲ (Tigrinya)
دولة إريتريا (Arabic)
Common English Name: Eritrea
Capital: Asmara

Learn everything you need to know about Eritrea in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Arabic, Tigrinya, English
Secondary Languages: Tigre, Kunama, Afar

Resources

Gold, Potash, Zinc, Copper, Salt, Oil, Natural gas, Fish

Neighbors

Ethiopia (South), Sudan (West), Djibouti (Southeast)

Ethnic groups

Tigrinya (50%), Tigre (31.4%), Saho (5%), Afar (5%), Beja (2.5%)

People

Est. Population:

5,869,869

Demonym:

Eritrean

Religions:

Christianity (50%)
Islam (48%)

Largest City:

Asmara (804,000)

Other Cities:

Transitional government

Geography

Region:

Eastern Africa

Bodies of Water:

Red Sea (East)

Total Area:

117,600 km2 (85.89% land, 14.11% water)

Total Land:

1,840 km

Total Coastline:

2,234 km

Climate

Desert along coast
Cooler and wetter in central highlands
Semiarid in western hills and lowlands

Terrain:

Mostly highlands
Eastern coastal plain
Hilly terrains
Rolling plains in the west

Highest Point

Soira (3,018 m)

Lowest Point

Kulul (-75 m)

Natural Disasters

Droughts
Earthquakes
Volcanic activity
Locust swarms

Government

Head of State and Government:

President Isaias Afworki

Admin. Divisions

6 Regions

Independence:

24 May 1993 (from Ethiopia)

Nat'l Symbol:

Camel

Nat'l Anthem:

Ertra, Ertra, Ertra

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$1,300 (USD)

Currency

Nfk (Nafka)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = Nfk (Nafka)15.00

Communication

Internet Code

.er

Telephone Code

+291

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Cultural Notes

Coffee is always served to guests, and if politely declined, tea will be offered instead. Usually, 3 cups are served.
Greetings involving women and children involve 3 kisses on the cheek, alternating each cheek. Men shake hands and move in to bump shoulders several times.
Mealtime consists of everybody sitting around in a circle. Meals are always eaten when visiting a guest’s house out of respect.
Even though they are very close culturally and linguistically to Ethiopia, DO NOT call them Ethiopians.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/er.html (Majority of information)
http://www.webcitation.org/5ywEZKW1R (Ethnic group data)
http://www.webcitation.org/5ywEZKW1Rm (Religious data)
http://www.xe.com/currencyconverter/convert/?Amount=1&From=USD&To=ERN (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 3 November 2016