Official English Name: Arab Republic of Egypt
Official Local Name(s): جمهورية مصر العربية
Common English Name: Egypt
Capital: Cairo

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Official Language(s)

Arabic
Secondary Languages: English, French

Resources

Petroleum, Natural gas, Iron ore, Phosphates, Manganese, Limestone, Gypsum, Talc, Asbestos, Lead, Rare earth elements, Zinc

Neighbors

Israel (Northeast), Libya (West), Sudan (South)

Ethnic groups

Egyptian (98%), European (1%), Berber/Nubian/Bedouin/Beja (1%)

People

Est. Population:

94666993

Demonym:

Egyptian

Religions:

Muslim (90%)
Christian (10%)

Largest City:

Cairo (12,230,350)

Other Cities:

Alexandria (4,594,360)
Giza (3,628,062)
Shubra-El-Khema (1,099,354)
Suez (655,159)
Mansourah (632,900)

Geography

Region:

Northern Africa

Bodies of Water:

Mediterranean Sea (North)
Red Sea (East)

Total Area:

1,001,450 km2 (99.4% land, 0.6% water)

Total Land:

2,612 km

Total Coastline:

2,450 km

Climate

Desert

Terrain:

Vast desert plateau
Central river valley and delta

Highest Point

Mount Catherine (2,629 m)

Lowest Point

Qattara Depression (-133 m)

Natural Disasters

Droughts
Earthquakes
Flooding
Landslides
Sandstorms
Dust storms
Hot windstorms

Government

Type:

Republic

Heads of State:

President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Mustafa Madbouly

Admin. Divisions

27 Governorates

Independence:

28 February 1922 (from the United Kingdom)

Nat'l Symbol:

Golden eagle

Nat'l Anthem:

Bilady, Bilady, Bilady

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$11,800 (USD)

Currency

£ (Egyptian Pound)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = £ (Egyptian Pound)17.90

Communication

Internet Code

.eg

Telephone Code

20

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Cultural Notes

There is a field of study that focuses only on Egypt and its history, known as Egyptology.
Taking a fist with your thumb pointing outward and rubbing it on the palm of your other hand is usually accompanied with teasing of some sort.
To show embarrassment or secondhand embarrassment, Egyptians will bite their index finger lightly.
Shaking your hand around in a circle (like you’re holding a ball) shows confusion.