Official English Name: Republic of Chile
Official Local Name(s): República de Chile
Common English Name: Chile
Capital: Santiago

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Official Language(s)

Spanish
Secondary Languages: English

Resources

Copper, Timber, Iron ore, Nitrates, Precious metals, Molybdenum, Hydropower

Neighbors

Peru (North), Bolivia (Northeast), Argentina (East)

Ethnic groups

White and non-indegenous (88.9%), Mapuche (9.1%), Aymara (0.7%)

People

Est. Population:

17,650,114

Demonym:

Chilean

Religions:

Roman Catholic (66.7%)
Protestant or Evangelical (16.4%)
None (11.5%)
Jehovah’s Witness (1%)

Largest City:

antiago (6,158,080)

Other Cities:

Puente Alto (573,935)
Maipú (525,229)
Antofagasta (380,695)
La Florida (363,903)
Viña del Mar (324,836)

Geography

Region:

Western South America

Bodies of Water:

Atlantic Ocean (East and South)
Pacific Ocean (West and South)

Total Area:

756,102 km2 (98.4% land, 1.6% water)

Total Land:

7,801 km

Total Coastline:

6,435 km

Climate

Temperate
Desert in north
Mediterranean in central region
Cool and damp in south

Terrain:

Low coastal mountains
Fertile central valley
Mountains in the east

Highest Point

Nevado Ojos del Salado (6,880 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Earthquakes
Volcanoes
Tsunamis

Government

Type:

Republic

Head of State and Government:

President Sebastián Piñera

Admin. Divisions

15 States

Independence:

18 September 1810 (from Spain)

Nat'l Symbol:

Huemul

Nat'l Anthem:

Himno Nacional de Chile

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$23,500 (USD)

Currency

$ (Chilean Peso)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = $ (Chilean Peso)662.89

Communication

Internet Code

.cl

Telephone Code

+56

Episodes Mentioned In

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Cultural Notes

Chilean cuisine is varied because of its long coastline and therefore a variety of ingredients arise that can be used in cooking.
Being fashionably late to an event is not rude and is often expected.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ci.html (Majority of information)
http://www.cooperativa.cl/noticias/site/artic/20120831/asocfile/20120831161553/resultados_preliminares_censo_2012.pdf (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 30 October 2016