Common English Name: Canada
Capital: Ottawa

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Official Language(s)

English, French
Secondary Languages: Punjabi, Italian, Spanish, German, Cantonese

Resources

Iron ore, Nickel, Zinc, Copper, Gold, Lead, Rare earth elements, Molybdenum, Potash, Diamonds, Silver, Fish, Timber, Wildlife, Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas, Hydropower,

Neighbors

United States of America (South and Northwest)

Ethnic groups

White (76.7%), South Asian (4.8%), Chinese (4%), Black (2.9%), First Nation (2.6%)

People

Est. Population:

35,362,905

Demonym:

Canadian

Religions:

Catholic (39%)
Protestant (20.3%)
Other Christian (6%)
Muslim (3.2%)
Hindu (1.5%)

Largest City:

Toronto (2,615,060)

Other Cities:

Montréal (1,649,519)
Calgary (1,096,833)
Ottawa (883,391)
Edmonton (812,201)
Mississauga (713,443)

Geography

Region:

Northern North America

Bodies of Water:

Atlantic Ocean (East)
Pacific Ocean (West)
Arctic Ocean (North)

Total Area:

9,984,670 km2 (91.1% land, 8.9% water)

Total Land:

891,163 km

Total Coastline:

202,080 km

Climate

Temperate in south
Subarctic and arctic in the north

Terrain:

Mostly plains
Western mountains
Lowlands in the southeast

Highest Point

Mount Logan (5,959 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Permafrost
Cyclonic mountain storms
Volcanic activity

Government

Type:

Parliamentary democracy, federation, and constitutional monarchy

Heads of State:

Queen Elizabeth II (United Kingdom)

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau

Admin. Divisions

10 Provinces
3 Territories

Independence:

1 July 1867 (from Great Britain)

Nat'l Symbol:

Maple leaf

Nat'l Anthem:

O Canada

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$45,600 (USD)

Currency

$ (Canadian Dollar)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = $ (Canadian Dollar)1.29

Communication

Internet Code

.ca

Telephone Code

+1

Episodes Mentioned In

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Cultural Notes

Humor in Canada is usually very self-depracating.
Canadians are known for their generally relaxed dispositions.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ca.html (Majority of information)
http://bit.ly/1KcBal5 (Ethnic group data)
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/hlt-fst/pd-pl/Table-Tableau.cfm?LANG=Eng&T=301&S=3&O=D (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 29 October 2016