Official English Name: Republic of Cameroon
Official Local Name(s): République du Cameroon
Common English Name: Cameroon
Capital: Yaoundé

Learn everything you need to know about Cameroon in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

English, French
Secondary Languages:

Resources

Petroleum, Bauxite, Iron ore, Timber, Hydropower

Neighbors

Nigeria (Northwest), Chad (Northeast), Central African Republic (East), Republic of the Congo (Southeast), Gabon (South), Equatorial Guinea (South)

Ethnic groups

Highlanders (31%), Equatorial Bantu (19%), Kirdi (11%), Furdu (10%), Northwestern Bantu (8%)

People

Est. Population:

24,360,803

Demonym:

Cameroonian

Religions:

Roman Catholic (32.4%)
Protestant (30.3%)
Muslim (20%)
Other Christian (6%)
Indigenous beliefs (6%)

Largest City:

Douala (2,768,436)

Other Cities:

Yaoundé (2,765,568)
Garoua (546,060)
Bamenda (515,593)
Maroua (415,251)
Bafoussam (365,017)

Geography

Region:

Central Africa

Bodies of Water:

Atlantic Ocean (Southwest)

Total Area:

75, 440 km2 (99.4% land, 0.6% water)

Total Land:

5,018 km

Total Coastline:

402 km

Climate

Tropical along coast
Semiarid and hot in the north

Terrain:

Coastal plain in southwest
Plateau in the middle
Western mountains
Northern plains

Highest Point

Fako (4,095 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Volcanic activity

Government

Type:

Republic

Heads of State:

President Paul Biya

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Joseph Dion Ngute

Admin. Divisions

10 Regions

Independence:

1 January 1960 (from France)

Nat'l Symbol:

Lion

Nat'l Anthem:

O Cameroon, Burceau de nos Ancêtres

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$3,100 (USD)

Currency

FCFA (Central African Franc)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = FCFA (Central African Franc)560.81

Communication

Internet Code

.cm

Telephone Code

+237

Episodes Mentioned In

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Cultural Notes

There are between 250-300 distinct recognized ethnic groups within Cameroon’s borders.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cm.html (Majority of information)
http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/cameroon-population/ (Religious data)
https://www.populationdata.net/pays/cameroun/ (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 29 October 2016