Official English Name: Republic of Bulgaria
Official Local Name(s): Република България
Common English Name: Bulgaria
Capital: Sofia

Learn everything you need to know about Bulgaria in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Bulgarian
Secondary Languages: Turkish, Roma

Resources

Bauxite, Copper, Lead, Zinc, Coal, Timber, Arable land

Neighbors

Romania (North), Greece (Southwest), Turkey (Southeast), Serbia (West), North Macedonia (West)

Ethnic groups

Bulgarian (76.9%), Turkish (8%), Roma (4.4%), Russian (0.1%), Armenian (0.1%)

People

Est. Population:

7,144,653

Demonym:

Bulgarian

Religions:

Eastern Orthodox (59.4%)
Muslim (7.8%)
None (0.3%)

Largest City:

Sofia (1,204,685)

Other Cities:

Plovdiv (338,153)
Varna (334,870)
Burgas (200,271)
Ruse (149,642)
Stara Zagora (138,272)

Geography

Region:

Southeastern Europe

Bodies of Water:

Black Sea (East)

Total Area:

110,879 km2 (97.8% land, 2.2% water)

Total Land:

1,806 km

Total Coastline:

354 km

Climate

Temperate

Terrain:

Mountainous
Lowlands in north and southeast

Highest Point

Musala (2,925 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Earthquakes
Landslides

Government

Type:

Parliamentary democracy

Heads of State:

President Rumen Radev

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Boyko Borisov

Admin. Divisions

28 Provinces

Independence:

22 September 1908 (from Ottoman Empire)

Nat'l Symbol:

Lion

Nat'l Anthem:

Mila Rodino

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$19,200 (USD)

Currency

лв. (Lev)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = лв. (Lev)1.67

Communication

Internet Code

.bg

Telephone Code

+359

Episodes Mentioned In

No episodes yet!

Cultural Notes

Dancing on hot coals is an ancient Bulgarian practice that is still done today on the name days of Saints Konstantin and Helena.
Gifts, when given, are usually opened right away.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bu.html (Majority of information)
http://censusresults.nsi.bg/Census/Reports/2/2/R7.aspx (Ethnic group data)
http://www.nsi.bg/sites/default/files/files/pressreleases/Census2011final.pdf (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 28 October 2016