Official English Name: Kingdom of Bhutan
Official Local Name(s): འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ
Common English Name: Bhutan
Capital: Thimphu

Learn everything you need to know about Bhutan in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Dzongkha
Secondary Languages: Sharchopka, Lhotshamka

Resources

Timber, Hydropower, Gypsum, Calcium carbonate

Neighbors

India (South), China (North)

Ethnic groups

Ngalop (50%), Nepalese (35%), Sharchop (15%)

People

Est. Population:

750,125

Demonym:

Bhutanese

Religions:

Lamaistic Buddhist (75.3%)
Hindu (22.1%)

Largest City:

Thimphu (98,676)

Geography

Region:

South Asia

Bodies of Water:

None (Landlocked)

Total Area:

38,394 km2
(100% land, 0% water)

Total Land:

1,136 km

Total Coastline:

0 km (Landlocked)

Climate

Tropical in southern plains
Cool winters and hot summers in the central valleys
Severe winters and cool summers in the Himalayas

Terrain:

Mostly mountainous
Fertile valleys
Savanna

Highest Point

Gangkar Puensum (7,570 m)

Lowest Point

Drangeme Chhu (97 m)

Natural Disasters

Violent storms
Landslides

Government

Type:

Constitutional monarchy

Heads of State:

King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuk

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Lotay Tshering

Admin. Divisions

20 Districts

Independence:

1907 (Unification)

Nat'l Symbol:

Druk

Nat'l Anthem:

Druk tsendhen

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$7,700 (USD)

Currency

NU (Ngultrum)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = NU (Ngultrum)70.25

Communication

Internet Code

.bt

Telephone Code

+975

Episodes Mentioned In

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Cultural Notes

The Bhutanese name for their country translates into "Land of the Thunder Dragons", originating from the violent storms occurring in the Himalayas Mountains.
Bhutan has a strict dress code to preserve its culture; men must wear a gho, a type of robe, and women must wear kiras, a dress.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bt.html (Majority of information)
http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/bhutan-population/ (Thimphu population)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 28 October 2016