Official English Name: People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria
Official Local Name(s): جمهورية الجزائر الديمقراطية الشعبية
Common English Name: Algeria
Capital: Algiers

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Official Language(s)

Arabic
Secondary Languages: French (lingua franca)

Resources

Petroleum, Natural gas, Iron ore, Phosphates, Lead, Zinc, Uranium

Neighbors

Morocco (West), Tunisia (Northeast), Libya (East), Niger (Southeast), Mali (South), Mauritania (Southwest)

Ethnic groups

Arab-Berber (68.4%), Berber (23.8%), Bedouin (6.3%), Saharawi (0.5%), Tuareg (0.4%)

People

Est. Population:

40,263,711

Demonym:

Algerian

Religions:

Muslim (95.5%)
Atheist (3.5%)
Christian (1.0%)

Largest City:

Algiers (2,364,230)

Other Cities:

Oran (803,329)
Constantine (448,028)
Annaba (342,703)
Blida (331,779)
Batna (289,504)

Geography

Region:

Northern Africa (Maghreb)

Bodies of Water:

Mediterranean Sea (North)

Total Area:

2,381,741 km2
(100% land, 0% water)

Total Land:

6,734 km

Total Coastline:

998 km

Climate

Arid to semiarid Coastal regions: Mild, wet winters and hot dry summers
High plateau: Drier with cold winters and hot summers

Terrain:

Arid to semiarid Coastal regions: Mild, wet winters and hot dry summers
High plateau: Drier with cold winters and hot summers

Highest Point

Tahat (3,003 m)

Lowest Point

Chott Melhrir (-40 m)

Natural Disasters

Earthquakes
Mudslides
Flooding

Government

Type:

Republic

Heads of State:

President Abdelaziz Bouteflika

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Noureddine Bedoui

Admin. Divisions

48 Provinces

Independence:

5 July 1962 (from France)

Nat'l Symbol:

Star and crescent

Nat'l Anthem:

Kassaman

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$14,500 (USD)

Currency

DA (Algerian Dinar)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = DA (Algerian Dinar)117.64

Communication

Internet Code

.dz

Telephone Code

+213

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Cultural Notes

Unlike most other Islamic countries, prominent women are not uncommon in Algeria and are known to hold positions of power.
French is the lingua franca of Algeria due to French colonization of Algeria between 1830 and 1962. The European immigrants in Algeria during this time were known as “pieds-noirs”, meaning “black feet” in English.
Couscous is the national dish.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ag.html (Majority of data)
https://joshuaproject.net/countries/AG (Ethnic and religious data)
http://www.geohive.com/cntry/algeria.aspx (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 22 October 2016