Official English Name: Republic of Azerbaijan
Official Local Name(s): Azərbaycan Respublikası
Common English Name: Azerbaijan
Capital: Baku

Learn everything you need to know about Azerbaijan in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Azeri
Secondary Languages: Russian, Armenian

Resources

Petroleum, Natural gas, Iron ore, Nonferrous metals, Bauxite

Neighbors

Russia (North), Georgia (Northwest), Armenia (West), Turkey (West), Iran (South)

Ethnic groups

Azerbaijani (91.6%), Lezgian (2%), Russian (1.3%), Armenian (1.3%), Talysh (1.3%)

People

Est. Population:

9,872,765

Demonym:

Azerbaijani

Religions:

Muslim (93.4%)
Russian Orthodox (2.5%)
Armenian Orthodox (2.3%)

Largest City:

Baku (2,122,300)

Other Cities:

Ganja (825,900)
Sumqayit (298,000)
Mingachevir (100,775)

Geography

Region:

Southwestern Asia

Bodies of Water:

Caspian Sea (East)

Total Area:

86,600 km2
(95.4% land, 4.6% water)

Total Land:

2,468 km

Total Coastline:

713 km

Climate

Dry, semiarid steppe

Terrain:

Large flatland
Mountains in the north

Highest Point

Bazarduzu Dagi (4,485 m)

Lowest Point

Caspian Sea (-28 m)

Government

Type:

Republic

Heads of State:

President Ilham Aliyev

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Novruz Mammadov

Admin. Divisions

66 Rayons
11 Cities

Independence:

0 August 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

Nat'l Symbol:

Flames of fire

Nat'l Anthem:

Azerbaijan Marsi

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$17,800 (USD)

Currency

man. (Azerbaijani Manat)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = man. (Azerbaijani Manat)1.70

Communication

Internet Code

.az

Telephone Code

+994

Episodes Mentioned In

No episodes yet!

Cultural Notes

Azerbaijanis say that if you meet a person with empty buckets, you are bound for misfortune in the near future.
Watermelons are abundant in Azerbaijan, and are eaten in a very particular way.
A pomegranate festival occurs each year in a city called Goychay around late October. The festival features pomegranate-based dishes.
Abayi is a well-known folk dance based around middle-aged men or women. Its origins are in the Shaki and Zaqatala regions of the country.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/aj.html (Majority of information)
http://news.day.az/society/164634.html (City population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 25 October 2016