Official English Name: Republic of Armenia
Official Local Name(s): Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն
Common English Name: Armenia
Capital: Yerevan

Learn everything you need to know about Armenia in under 2 minutes!

Official Language(s)

Armenian
Secondary Languages: Kurdish, Russian

Resources

Gold, Copper, Molybdenum, Zinc, Bauxite

Neighbors

Georgia (North), Azerbaijan (East), Turkey (West), Iran (South)

Ethnic groups

Armenian (98.0%), Yazidi (1.2%), Russian (0.4%), Assyrian (0.1%), Kurd (0.1%)

People

Est. Population:

3,051,250

Demonym:

Armenian

Religions:

Armenian Apostolic (92.6%)
Evangelical (1%)
Yazidism (0.8%)
Catholic (0.5%)
Jehovah's Witness (0.1%)

Largest City:

Yerevan (1,060,138)

Other Cities:

Gyumri (121,976)

Geography

Region:

Central Asia

Bodies of Water:

None (Landlocked)

Total Area:

29,743 km2
(94.8% land, 5.2% water)

Total Land:

1,570 km

Total Coastline:

0 km (Landlocked)

Climate

Highland continental
Hot summers
Cold winters

Terrain:

Mountainous highlands

Highest Point

Aragats Lerrnagagat’ (4,090 m)

Lowest Point

Debed River (400 m)

Natural Disasters

Earthquakes
Droughts

Government

Type:

Republic

Heads of State:

President Armen Sarkissian

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan

Admin. Divisions

11 Provinces

Independence:

21 September 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

Nat'l Symbol:

Mount Ararat

Nat'l Anthem:

Mer Hayrenik

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$8,500 (USD)

Currency

AMD (Dram)

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = AMD (Dram)482.73

Communication

Internet Code

.am

Telephone Code

+374

Episodes Mentioned In

Episode 135 - Armenia
Posted on Tuesday September 17, 2019

Cultural Notes

It is highly offensive to make a fist and insert your thumb between the index and middle fingers.
Armenia was the first country to adopt Christianity as a state religion in 301 CE. The most prominent sect of Christianity is the Armenian Apostolic Church.
Music is one of the most important parts of Armenian culture. The best known traditional Armenian instrument is the duduk.
Carpets from Armenia have historically been known to be of high quality.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/am.html (Majority of information)
http://armstat.am/file/article/sv_03_13a_520.pdf (Ethnic and religious group information)
http://armstat.am/file/doc/99485583.pdf (Gyumri population)
http://www.armstat.am/file/article/nasel_01.01.2016.pdf (Yerevan population)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 25 October 2016