Official English Name: Republic of Albania
Official Local Name(s): Republika e Shqiperise
Common English Name: Albania
Capital: Tirana

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Official Language(s)

Albanian
Secondary Languages: Greek

Resources

Petroleum, Natural gas, Coal, Bauxite, Chromite, Copper, Iron ore, Nickel, Salt, Timber, Hydropower

Neighbors

Montenegro (Northwest), Kosovo (Northeast), North Macedonia (East), Greece (Southeast)

Ethnic groups

Albanian (82.6%), Greek (0.9%), Romani, (0.3%), Aromanian (0.3%), Macedonian (0.2%)

People

Est. Population:

3,038,594

Demonym:

Albanian

Religions:

Sunni Muslim (56.7%)
Roman Catholic (10%)
Orthodox (6.8%)
Bektashi (2.1%)
Protestant (0.1%)

Largest City:

Tirana (858,262)

Other Cities:

Durrës (201,519)
Vlorë (141,513)
Elbasan (126,703)
Shkodër (102,075)

Geography

Region:

Southeastern Europe

Bodies of Water:

Adriatic Sea (West)
Ionian Sea (Southwest)

Total Area:

28,748 km2
(95.3% land, 4.7% water)

Total Land:

691 km

Total Coastline:

362 km

Climate

Mild temperate
Cool, cloudy, wet winters
Hot, clear, dry summers

Terrain:

Mostly mountainous and hilly
Small plains along the coastline

Highest Point

Maja e Korabit (2,764 m)

Lowest Point

Sea Level

Natural Disasters

Earthquakes
Tsunamis
Flooding
Droughts

Government

Type:

Parliamentary Democracy

Heads of State:

President Ilir Meta

Head of Government:

Prime Minister Edi Rama

Admin. Divisions

12 Counties

Independence:

28 November 1912 (from the Ottoman Empire)

Nat'l Symbol:

Double-headed eagle

Nat'l Anthem:

Hymni i Flamurit

Economy

GDP Per Capita

$11,900 (USD)

Currency

Lek

Exchange Rate

$1 (USD) = Lek107.24

Communication

Internet Code

.al

Telephone Code

+355

Episodes Mentioned In

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Cultural Notes

Albanians move their heads up and down to indicate "no" and shake their head from side to side to indicate "yes".
Mother Teresa is the only Albanian to have ever won a Nobel Prize.
Almost every region in Albania has its own traditional dress, meaning that there are over 200 total in the country.

Sources

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/al.html (Majority of information)
http://www.instat.gov.al/media/177354/main_results__population_and_housing_census_2011.pdf (Population data)
Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)
Information accurate to best of ability as of 22 October 2016